INTRODUCTION: General Roberto Viola was sworn in on Sunday (29 March) as Argentina's 38th President for a three-year term which he promises will bring the country a step closer to democratic rule.
GV National Congress building.
GV Helicopter flying overhead.
SCU Galtieri speaking.
SCU Viola listening.
SV Videla listening.
SV Galtieri putting sash on Viola then handing Presidential Mace and congratulating him.
SV Videla greeting Viola.
GV EXTERIOR Troops on parade.
SV President Viola entering car.
GV Police outside Isabel Peron's residence as troops enter.
GV People and cars in financial street of Buenos Aires.
SV Exchange rate boards. (2 SHOTS)
SV Gold ingots and coins PAN TO busy street.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: General Roberto Viola was sworn in on Sunday (29 March) as Argentina's 38th President for a three-year term which he promises will bring the country a step closer to democratic rule. He succeeded General Jorge Rafael Videla who had held the post since the armed forces overthrew President Isabel Peron five years ago.
SYNOPSIS: The eight-minute ceremony took place in the building which had housed the Argentine Congress until it was dissolved in 1976.
General Leopold Fortuna Galtieri, the army commander in chief and present leader of the three-man ruling ceremony, conducted the proceedings as General Viola looked on.
Viola's predecessor General Videla, came to power in an army coup which the military claimed was to save the country from economic and political chaos and to restore democratic rule. General Viola is described as a moderate by fellow officers and says he will bring Argentina closer to civilian rule although this is unlikely to be within his term of presidency.
President Viola has inherited a wide range of political and economic problems. Political circles are clamouring for information on the fate of thousands of people who disappeared without trace during the army's crackdown on leftists soon after it came to power. While supporters of former President Isabel Peron are pressing for her release from prison where she has been detained since she was deposed.
On the economic front the new President faces the threat of rapid industrial decline and inherits an inflation rate of 82 percent a year. There is also widespread opposition to the country's free market policies which manufacturers consider to be a threat to production.