The Ivory Coast has now become Africa's leading palm oil producer and the third major exporters in the world after Malaysia and Indonesia.
GV PAN Plantation near Abidjan
CU Palm oil plants being hooked off threes by workers (3 shots)
SV Plants in barrel being emptied at side of road for collection as truck approaches (2 shots)
GV Palm oil processing factory
GV PAN Trucks unload palm oil plants at factory (3 shots)
GV & SVs Plants in containers being moved on rails into steaming tunnel (2 shots)
GV & CU Plants in containers emerge with steam coming off plants (2 shots)
GV Container being hoisted up to next floor of factory for second stage of processing
GV INTERIOR Factory with workers sifting through seeds on conveyor belt (3 shots)
CU Seeds in mixing machine and being sliced by rotating blades (2 shots)
CU Crushed seeds falling to crushing machines and liquid falling into trough (2 shots)
CU Liquid being poured into container
GV PAN FROM EXTERIOR of factory TO holding tanks
GV Palm oil tanker drives up to holding tanks
GV & SVs Tanker in dock being filled up with oil (2 shots)
SVs Workers with hoses filling up tanker (3 shots)
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Background: The Ivory Coast has now become Africa's leading palm oil producer and the third major exporters in the world after Malaysia and Indonesia. The success of the industry is particularly remarkable since the Ivory Coast did not begin commercial production of the product until just ten years ago.
SYNOPSIS: Although the oil palm is indigenous to this area, commercial production of palm oil did not begin until 1970 when two refineries were built in the country. Up until then the Ivory Coast had actually had to import palm oil.
Until the mid-seventies the Ivory Coast's economy had depended largely on coffee and cocoa exports. But President Felix Houphouet-Boigny, realising the danger of excessive dependence on two products, sough to diversify the country's agriculture and the Government expanded the cultivation of the oil palm, coconut, pineapple, rice, rubber, cotton and sugar.
Widening the economic base of a country is difficult as the initial capital outlay can be a drain on the economy, but with the recent drop in coffee and cocoa prices and the success of the palm oil industry, the Government's policy has helped prevent the country's economy suffer a major collapse.
Palm kernel oil is obtained from the seed kernels by crushing or by a solvent extraction process. It is used primarily for the manufacture of edible products such as margarine, chocolate confections and pharmaceutical. The cake residue after kernel oil is extracted is a good cattle feed and fertiliser.
Palm oil itself is obtained through fermentation and is used chiefly in making soaps, candles and lubricating greases.
Altogether the Ivory Coast expects to produce 200,00 tons of oil in 1980. Although the severe drought in 1976-1977 reduced production slightly in 1978-1979, the industry has already more than succeeded in justifying the capital investment put into it export income.