East Germany's state trade union is stepping up pressure on workers to boost production, despite strikes in neighbouring Poland.
GV East Germans crossing Karl Marx Allee in East Berlin and walking through shopping arcade (3 shots)
GV Modern department store. CU Modern department store.CU Store sign "Centrum" (2 shots)
GV INTERIOR Fashion department, shoppers looking at goods and woman selecting clothes (2 shots)
GV People waiting to be served at meat counter
GV Leipzig fair grounds, CU's farm machinery and construction vehicles (4 shots)
GV,SV & LV INTERIOR Steelworks, molten steel poured into troughs (2 shots)
GVs & CU Worker and fellows watching as steel poured (4 shots)
GV INTERIOR Vietnamese delegation received by East German workers' delegation (3 shots)
CU & GV PAN German worker addressing Vietnamese and assembled workers
GV's Speaker shaking hands with Vietnamese as workers applaud (2 shots)
GVs Posters with slogans praising solidarity with Soviet Union (6 shots)
GV INTERIOR Leonid Brezhnev and Erich Honecker
GVs Delegates sign trade agreements as Gromyko looks on (3 shots)
GV Brezhnev and Honecker embrace and kiss (2 shots)
GV "Halt" sign at East-West German border (2 shots)
GVs AERIALS Border
GV Rocket range with exercises in progress (2 shots)
GV Honecker and Generals look on as rocket hits target and explodes (2 shots)
GV Large rocket launched
GV 30th anniversary military parade in East Berlin, delegates on rostrum
SV & GV Brezhnev seated beside Honecker on reviewing rostrum as rockets on transport carriers pass (2 shots)
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Background: East Germany's state trade union is stepping up pressure on workers to boost production, despite strikes in neighbouring Poland. According to the government the economy is straining under Soviet energy and material prices, which are rising faster than the output of East German goods that can be sold internationally. Government officials have stated that they feel they can ask for increased production in return for the administration's policy to maintain the prices of basic foods and services at 1957 levels. These stable prices, they believe, will prevent labour unrest which has paralysed Poland.
SYNOPSIS: The East German economy is thought to be the strongest in the Eastern Bloc countries. The modern buildings along Karl Marx Allee in East Berlin are representative of more than thirty years of steady economic growth.
The country's biggest department store the "Centrum" in East Berlin has a far bigger selection of consumer goods than similar stores in other Warsaw Pact countries. And the availability of goods has attracted visitors from neighbouring countries -- especially Poland, where there have been constant shortage. But though prices have remained steady, this year shortages in East Germany have also been acute.
The bi-annual Leipzig International Fair is a showcase for the latest technological advances from both east and west. And for years the fair has been East Germany's main link with the rest of the world and helped spread understanding and respect for the industrially powerful country.
East German workers have recently been encouraged to pledge increased output. In a recent testimonial by a shop steward in a steel works it was announced that a week of so-called "maximum output" had been set for September in order to prepare for next year's plan to increase the plant's output by at least 8.8 percent.
East Germany has long been committed to aiding the developing world. Campaigns often involve workers in projects aimed at benefiting third world countries. The government supplies both money and manpower to many struggling economies. Here factory workers receive Vietnamese delegation looking to East Germany for technological expertise.
The country's main ally is the Soviet Union. But according to a Financial Times report, East Germans themselves say their relationship with the Soviets in characterised by an almost total lack of contact.
Their leader Erich Honecker, however, has forged strong links with the Soviet leadership. Almost a year ago (October 1979) a top delegation, including Foreign Minister Gromyko and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev negotiated a series of agreements which guarantee Soviet oil, gas, and nuclear energy to the East Germans for a decade.
But this is the part of the two Germanies which many people know best. A border which not only separates two countries, but also the Warsaw Pact Alliance from the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
Almost three hundred thousand Red Army troops are stationed in East Germany. And the well-equipped East German army numbers more than one hundred and fifty thousand -- forty thousand of whom man the frontier with the west. Warsaw Pact manoeuvres will take place on East German soil in early September.
The 30th anniversary of East Germany (7 October 1979) was celebrated with a huge military parade along the Karl Marx Allee. The transformation of the war-torn land of 1949, to what some call the economic showcase of the Communist world has been a remarkable on -- a result of the labour of a hard-working people. And today their leaders feel sufficiently secure to ask them to work even harder.