• Short Summary

    ROTTERDAM, THE DUTCH PORT ATT HE MOUTH OF THE RIVER RHINE, IS NOW THE BUSIEST PORT IN THE WORLD, IN TERMS OF THE AMOUNT OF GOODS HANDLED. 130-MILLION METRIC TONS OF CARGO WERE DEALT WITH THERE IN 1966; 30-MILLION MORE THAN THE AMOUNT GOING THROUGH ITS NEAREST RIVAL,NEW YORK, AND MORE THAN DOUBLE THE TRADE AT ITS BIGGEST EUROPEAN COMPETITOR, MARSEILLES.

  • Description

    ROTTERDAM, THE DUTCH PORT ATT HE MOUTH OF THE RIVER RHINE, IS NOW THE BUSIEST PORT IN THE WORLD, IN TERMS OF THE AMOUNT OF GOODS HANDLED. 130-MILLION METRIC TONS OF CARGO WERE DEALT WITH THERE IN 1966; 30-MILLION MORE THAN THE AMOUNT GOING THROUGH ITS NEAREST RIVAL,NEW YORK, AND MORE THAN DOUBLE THE TRADE AT ITS BIGGEST EUROPEAN COMPETITOR, MARSEILLES.

    ITS POSITION MAKES IT ONE OF THE CHIEF PORTS FOR TRANSHIPPING THE EXPORTS AND IMPORTS OF THE RUHR. THERE IS A CONSTANT TRAFFIC OF RHINE BARGES UP AND DOWN STREAM. ROTTERDAM AND ANTWERP, THE CHIEF PORT OF BELGIUM, ARE MANY MILES NEARER TO WEST GERMANY'S MAJOR INDUSTRIAL CENTRES THAN HER OWN BIG PORTS, HAMBURG AND BREMEN, ARE; AND ROTTERDAM'S RIVER CONNECTIONS ARE MORE DIRECT THAN ANTWERP'S. IT IS ALSO WELL SITUATED TO HANDLE TRADE ACROSS THE NORTH SEA, BETWEEN CONTINENTAL EUROPE AND BRITAIN.

    IN TERMS OF GENERAL CARGO, ROTTERDAM IS NO BUSIER THAN ANYWHERE; AND NOT MUCH BUSIER THAN LONDON AND HAMBURG. WHERE IT STANDS OUT IS IN THE AMOUNT OF BULK CARGO, SUCH AS GRAIN AND OIL, PASSING THROUGH THE PORT. THIS MAKES OF ABOUT 85% OF THE TOTAL - OVER 100-MILLION TONS A YEAR.

    BUT ITS PRE-EMINENCE IN THIS RESPECT COULD BE CHALLENGES AS THE TANKERS FOR BULK CARGOES GET ???ER. LE AYRI??? MARSEILLES AND GENDA HAVE THE ADVANTAGE OF THE ??? APPROACHES WHICH ROTTERDAM AND THE OTHER NORTH SEA PORTS LACK, IN THE INTENSE, COMPETITIONS BETWEEN EUROPEAN PORTS, ROTTERDAM HAS BEGUN WORK ON IMPROVED ITS ??? ALLOW 240,000-TON TANKERS TO USE THE PORT; AND IS STUDYING THE POSSIBILITY OF ACCOMMODATING UP TO 500,000-TONNERS.

    THE PORT AUTHORITIES COMPLAIN THAT THEY HAVE TO FINANCE THIS KIND OF DEVELOPMENT FROM MUNICIPAL REVENUES, AND DO NOT GET GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES ON THE SCALE THAT THEIR RIVALS IN OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES DO. BUT THE DUTCH GOVERNMENT IS RELUCTANT TO ALLOW TOO MUCH INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT, WHICH WOULD FOLLOW THE EXPANSION OF THE PORT, BECAUSE THE WESTERN COASTAL AREAS OF THE NETHERLANDS ARE ALREADY OVERCROWDED.

    THE PORT OF ROTTERDAM - A VAST COMPLEX OF DOCKS STRETCHING ALONG THE FINAL 20 MILES (30 KMS.) OF THE SANKS OF THE RIVER RHINE TO THE NORTH SEA. IN SPITE OF THE FACT THAT THE NETHERLANDS IS ONE OF THE SMALLER COUNTRIES OF EUROPE, AND ROTTERDAM IS NOT EVEN ITS LARGEST CITY, IT IS THE BUSIEST PORT IN THE WORLD, IN TERMS OF THE AMOUNT OF CARGO HANDLED.

    SHIPS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD CAN BE SEEN ANY DAY BESIDE THE QUAYS IN THE CITY CENTRE, OR AT THE NEW EUROPOORT, WHICH HAS BEEN BUILT NEARER THE MOUTH OF THE RIVER. ROTTERDAM DEALS WITH 30 MILLION TONS A YEAR MORE CARGO THAN ITS NEAREST RIVAL, NEW YORK, AND MORE THAN DOUBLE ITS BIGGEST EUROPEAN COMPETITOR, MARSEILLES. BUT THIS IS AN INTENSELY COMPETITIVE TRADE, AND ROTTERDAM IS SEEING OTHER EUROPEAN PORTS BEGINNING TO CATCH UP; SO IT HAS PLANS FOR YET MORE EXPANSION, AND FOR FACILITIES FOR EVEN BIGGER SHIPS.

    THE IMPORTANCE OF ROTTERDAM IS ITS POSITION AT THE MOUTH OF WESTERN EUROPE'S BUSIEST INTERNAL WATERWAY. GOODS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL HEART OF WEST GERMANY THE TRANSHIPPED THERE ONTO THE BARGES THAT CARRY THEM UP THE RHINE; AND BACK COME THE BARGES, LOADED WITH EXPORTS FROM THE RUHR. BOTH ROTTERDAM AND ANTWERP ARE MANY MILES NEARER THE RUHR, AND GERMANY'S NEWER INDUSTRIAL AREAS FURTHER SOUTH, THAN HER OWN MAJOR PORTS. HAMBURG AND BREMEN, ARE; AND ANTWERP'S RIVER CONNECTIONS ARE MUCH LESS GOOD.

    FACING THE NORTH SEA, ROTTERDAM IS STRATEGICALLY PLACED TO HANDLE BRITISH TRADE TOO. SOME CARGOES FOR BRITAIN ARE BEING SENT TO ROTTERDAM, WHICH HAS BETTER FACILITIES THAN BRITISH PORTS FOR HANDLING BULK GOODS, AND TRANSHIPPED THERE INTO FEEDER SHIPS. MUCH OF THE TRADE WITH BRITAIN RECENTLY HAS BEEN IN THE DRIVE-ON SHIPS WHICH CARRY LORRIES AND SAVE TIME LOADING AND UNLOADING. BUT THIS LOOKS LIKE GIVING WAY BEFORE LONG TO CONTAINER TRANSPORT, WHICH IS MORE ECONOMIC BECAUSE IT DOES NOT TIE UP THE LORRIES DURING THE VOYAGE.

    IT IS THE FACILITIES FOR HANDLING BULK CARGOES - SUCH AS GRAIN, OIL, MINERAL ORES AND COAL-MECHANICAL THAT HAS GIVEN ROTTERDAM ITS PRE-EMINENCE AS A PORT. MORE THAN A HUNDRED MILLION OF ITS 130-MILLION METRIC TONS OF GOODS HANDLED IN A YEAR ARE BULK CARGOES.

    SEVERAL OF THE BIGGEST OIL COMPANIES HAVE REFINERIES AT THE NEW EUROPOORT, AND PIPELINES LINK IT WITH THE DUTCH AND WEST GERMAN INDUSTRIAL AREAS.

    BUT LA HAVRE, MARSEILLES AND GENOA ARE POTENTIAL MAJOR RIVALS IN PETROL DISTRIBUTION, BECAUSE THEY HAVE DEEP WATER FOR THE HUGE NEW TANKERS NOW COMING INTO SERVICE.

    ROTTERDAM CAN ALREADY TAKE SHIPS OF UP TO 150,000 TONS AND WILL SOON BE READY TO TAKE SUBSTANTIALLY BIGGER ONES. BUT THE PORT AUTHORITIES ARE STUDYING THE POSSIBILITY OF DREDGING CHANNELS THAT WOULD ALLOW EVEN 500,000-TONNERS TO ENTER.

    ROTTERDAM IS ALIVE TO THE ADVANTAGES THAT GOOD ACCESS ROADS AND INDUSTRIAL SITES IN THE IMMEDIATE NEIGHBOURHOOD BRING TO THE PORT. BUT THE CITY HAS ONE GREAT COMPLAINT: IT SAYS IS HAS TO FINANCE ALL ITS PORT DEVELOPMENT ITSELF FROM MUNICIPAL REVENUES, WHILE ITS CHIEF RIVALS IN OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES GET SUBSTANTIAL HELP FROM STATE SUBSIDIES.

    THE DUTCH GOVERNMENT POLICY, HOWEVER, IS AGAINST ENCOURAGING TOO MUCH INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE WESTERN COASTAL AREAS OF THE COUNTRY, WHICH ARE ALREADY OVERCROWDED, AND WHERE LAND IS IN GREAT DEMAND. THIS DISTRICT WHERE THE VEGETABLE GROWERS HAVE THEIR WAREHOUSES IS ALREADY EARMARKED FOR THE RHINEPOORT - A NEW PORT EXTENSION ACROSS THE MAIN STREAM FROM EUROPOORT.

    THE KEY TO THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF ROTTERDAM IS ENDLESS DREDGING. BY 1970, THE PORT AUTHORITIES HOPE TO HAVE A CHANNEL DEEP ENOUGH OF SHIPS OF UP TO 62 FEET (19 METRES) DRAFT TO COME IN; IF THE ??? TO TAKE: HALF-MILLION TO TANKER, THEY NEED DRAFT OF 880 FEET (24 METRES). DREDGI HAS ANOTHER PURPOSE, TOO. TO HELP BUILD UP THE NEW LAND BEING RECLAIMED OUT BEYOND THE RIVER MOUTH.

    THIS NEW LAND WILL PROVIDE ROOM FOR NEW HARBOURS FOR THE BIG TANKERS; AND FOR THE DOCKSIDE OIL REFINERIES AND STEEL WORKS AND OTHER INDUSTRIES THAT ROTTERDAM WOULD LIKE TO HAVE IF IT IS TO RETAIN ITS POSITION AS THE BUSIEST TRADING PORT IN THE WORLD.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA7T4P5ROOD2UX8Q4979QF8R7AZ
    Media URN:
    VLVA7T4P5ROOD2UX8Q4979QF8R7AZ
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    18/01/1967
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:31:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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