North Yemen has proposed that an Arab Summit conference be convened urgently to discuss what it termed "dangers" threatening the Arab World.
North Yemen has proposed that an Arab Summit conference be convened urgently to discuss what it termed "dangers" threatening the Arab World. The proposal has been submitted to the Arab League, and the two questions likely to top the agenda at any Summit are security in the Red Sea region and the Middle East situation since the election victory in Israel of the right-wing Likud alliance.
SYNOPSIS: In an effort to get the Summit proposal off the ground North Yemeni Prime Minister Abdulaziz Adbulghani arrived in Cairo on Thursday (16 June) for talks with Egyptian Prime Minister Mamdouh Salem and President Anwar Sadat. Mr Sadat has said that Egypt would only participate in the Summit if it had an agreed package of subjects to discuss. The North Yemenis will also have to give Syria similar assurances.
Prime Minister Abdulghani could gain much for his country, if he can get the Egyptians and other influential Arab states to help cool the potentially explosive situation in the area. North Yemen lies directly opposite the Eritrea province of Ethiopia, which at present is torn between government forces and rebels fighting for independence, and the French colony of the Afars and Issas, which becomes independent soon and could attract the territorial ambitions of Ethiopia or Somalia, or both.
The music and flowers of the reception were a pleasant preliminary to the difficult negotiations which lay ahead on a particularly involved subject. Egypt's agreement to attend the Summit is essential because it controls the Suez canal, the entrance to the Red Sea. Prime Minister Abdulghani would be anxious to make a good impression on the high-ranking Egyptian ministers and officials whom he will have to persuade into accepting his proposals for peace in the Red Sea.
The North Yemen Prime Minister and his delegation will ask the Egyptians for their approval of a plan worked out at a meeting in March between leaders of Somalia, Sudan, South and North Yemen. At a Summit in Khartoum last month, Egypt, Syria and Sudan pressed ahead with plans to secure Arab domination of the region. Arab countries are also anxious to discuss the implications of the victory of the right-wing Likud party in the recent Israeli elections. The Likud is against a settlement with the Arabs over the occupied West Bank, and direct negotiations with the Palestine Liberation Organisation.