INTRODUCTION: Italy's Lower House of Parliament decided on Friday (2 January) to cut short its winter recess for a special debate on the country's latest outbreak of guerrilla violence.
CU Newspaper photograph of murdered General Enrico Calvaligi
GV PAN Honour guard of Carabinieri watch as colleagues carry coffin, draped with Italian flag, into Cathedral
GV PAN INTERIOR Mourners and honour guard standing
SV PAN Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani (wearing glasses) shown to his seat
SV Italian Communist leader, Enrico Berlinguer, arrives and is shown to seat
SV Italy's President Sandro Pertini arrives and is shown to seat
SV PULL BACK TO GV Mr. Pertini among standing mourners and other government ministers, PAN TO guards standing at attention around coffin
SV ZOOM TO CU Relatives of General Calvaligi standing during service
SV Archbishop conducting service
CU ZOOM OUT TO GV Guard at attention TO GV service in progress
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Italy's Lower House of Parliament decided on Friday (2 January) to cut short its winter recess for a special debate on the country's latest outbreak of guerrilla violence. Deputies reassemble on 8 January, four days earlier than scheduled. The debate is expected to focus on renewed activity by Red Brigades guerrillas who, on New Year's Eve, continued their so-called "war against the state" by killing Carabinieri (parliamentary police) General, Enrico Calvaligi. The funeral was held in Rome on Friday.
SYNOPSIS: General Calvaligi, who was 61, was in charge of security coordination in the italian prison system, which the Red Brigades have vowed to destroy. He was shot dead by two youth as he returned with his wife to his home at suburban Ardeantino in southern Rome, after attending Mass at a local parish church. General Calvaligi was the 115th victim of political terrorism in Italy in 1980.
In contrast to the solemn atmosphere inside the Rome Cathedral, angry crowds outside were shouting for a return of the death penalty, abolished in Italy in 1946.
All of the italy's senior politicians attended the funeral service. Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani, wearing spectacles, said on Friday that the problem of fighting guerrilla violence is the responsibility of every Italian, especially those who shape and form public opinion through the media. Communist led by Enrico Berlinguer are equally concerned, and led the demands for an early parliamentary recall.
President Sandro Pertini cut short a holiday in the south of France to attend the service. He believes a reason the Red Brigades continue to be effective is that they're based outside Italy. And he's hinted that the bases could be in France, where a number of suspected Italian urban guerrillas have been arrested in recent months. Most have been extradited to face trial.
Police have told General Calvaligi's family they believe it was a revenge murder. The group is holding hostage a colleague of the General, senior Rome magistrate Giovanni, d'Urso, kidnapped on 12 December. General Calvaligi's responsibilities for jail security were not generally known and police are speculating the magistrate amy have been forced to identify him. The killing i also regarded as Red Brigades' revenge for a Carabinieri operation two days before, which smashed a guerrilla-led prison riot in southern Italy.