The growing rift between China and its only European ally, Albania, was emphasised this week when a senior Albanian official in a formal speech attacked Chinese policy.
GV: Meeting hall with Mehmet Shehu addressing delegates. (TWO SHOTS)
GV PAN OF: Delegates. (THREE SHOTS)
CU: Hysni Kapo addressing assembly.
CU: Audience listening and applauding. (FOUR SHOTS)
The first signs of an ideological split between Albania and China came four months ago, when Albania warned Peking against closer ties with the United States, at the same time, there were critical articles in the Albanian press on the three worlds theory. This was followed by reports in diplomatic quarters of Chinese experts being sent home. No official Chinese visits were then reported until late last month when two delegations arrived to discuss technological co-operations.
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Background: The growing rift between China and its only European ally, Albania, was emphasised this week when a senior Albanian official in a formal speech attacked Chinese policy. Peking's famous `Three Worlds' theory was criticised by another Albanian leader politburo member, Hysni Kapo, as "anti-Leninist and counter revolutionary" and was the first such anti-Chinese statement to come publicly from Albania's leaders.
SYNOPSIS: The attack came during celebrations in Albania's capital, Tirana, to mark the 60th Anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Mehmet Shehu, Chairman of the country's council of Ministers, opened the ceremonies which wee attended by an invited cross-section of Albania's population. Then the audience hears another Politburo speaker, mr. Hysni Kapo,strongly criticise the Maoist `Three Worlds' theory, which encourages developed and developing countries to unite against the two superpowers- the United States and the Soviet Union.
Mr. Kapo said this policy denied the need to fight for revolution in western and developing countries. It bolstered capitalism. It also protected American interests and supported what he termed "worldwide imperialism" by the United States. But the Russians, too, come in for criticism. Mr. Kapo accused the Kremlin of controlling East European allies with armies of occupation and repressive puppet government. He also attacked Russians and Eurocommunists for replacing true Leninist theory with what he called "Parliamentary cretinism".