Uruguay, which has to import its petrol supplies, last week introduced a wide range of restrictions on the use of electricity and petrol to save energy as a result of the world oil crisis.
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Background: Uruguay, which has to import its petrol supplies, last week introduced a wide range of restrictions on the use of electricity and petrol to save energy as a result of the world oil crisis. it is one of the worst affected countries in Latin America. During 1974 it will have to pay about 160 million dollars (65 million sterling) instead of 40 million (15 million sterling) originally budgeted.
The restrictions introduced on Monday (January 14) included 30 per cent cuts in the use of domestic electricity and a 50 per cent cut in the public ???e of electricity.
Cars with even numbered license plates cannot be used on Wednesday, and cars with odd numbers have to stay off the roads on Thursdays. Offenders will lose their cars for 2 days for a first offence and 10 days for a second
Industry can only use electricity for direct production and lorries and business vehicles can carry out only specified tasks.
Entertainment has also been hit. Television is limited to the evenings -- form 7 p.m. to midnight and bars and restaurants are now half lit.
Throughout South and Central America, the shortages resulting form the oil cutbacks by Arab producers and the increase in price has had similar effects to those in Europe.
For all the main South American producers, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and Mexico, have taken the opportunity to put their oil prices up.
In Mexico road traffic has been halved while in Columbia there have been long queues at petrol stations. The Costa Rican airline has had to cut flights and the Government itself has declared a state of "national calamity".