• Short Summary

    THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE LATE SUN YAT-SEN, THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA WAS HELD AT PEKING PEOPLE HALL ON NOVEMBER 12TH ATTENDED BY 10,000 CHINESE REPRESENTATIVES INCLUDING MANY JAPANESE, ENGLISH, FRENCH AND OTHER FOREIGN NATIONALS WHO HELPED HIS THIRD REVOLUTION IN CHINA.

  • Description

    THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE LATE SUN YAT-SEN, THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA WAS HELD AT PEKING PEOPLE HALL ON NOVEMBER 12TH ATTENDED BY 10,000 CHINESE REPRESENTATIVES INCLUDING MANY JAPANESE, ENGLISH, FRENCH AND OTHER FOREIGN NATIONALS WHO HELPED HIS THIRD REVOLUTION IN CHINA. ALL CHINESE LEADERS EXCEPT MAO TSE-TUNG AND SIN PIAO WERE PRESENT SUCH AS CHAO EN-LAI, PREMIER, MARSHAL CHENG YI, FOREIGN MINISTER, CHU TEH, FORMER COMMANDER OF THE CHINESE LIBERATION ARMY. LI SHAO -CHI, HEAD OF THE STATE, HO LUNG, TENG HSIAO PING, SECRETARY GENERAL OF CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY AND ALL VICE-PRESIDENT HEADED BY ??? ?? ??, MADAM SUNG CHING LING, WIDOW OF LATE SUN YAT-SEN AND VICE ??? AND ELDER SISTER OF MADAM CHIANG KAI SHEK DELIVERED AN OPENING SPEECH AND THANKED FOR THOSE WHO PRESENT AND EMPHASIZED IMPORTANCE OF RECENT CULTURAL REVOLUTION. PREMIER CHAO EN-LAI STRESSED THAT PEOPLE OF CHINA MUST BE UNITED AT PRESENT MOMENT UNDER CULTURAL REVOLUTION AND SUPPORT MAO-TSE-TUNG THEORY. IT WAS IMPRESSIVE THAT ??? ??? ??? ( WHITE HAIR RED FACE ) DID NOT CLAP HANDS WHILE OTHER LEADERS CLAP THEIR HANDS FOR CHAO EN-LAI'S SPEECH. RED GUARDS ACCUSED SUN YAT SEN WAS A BLOUGEOASIE REVOLUTIONALIST BYTE HE WAS PROPERLY EVALUATED.
    DURING HIS SPEECH, PREMIER CHAO EN-LAI ACCUSSED SOVIET RUSSIAN REVISIONALISM BITTERLY AND THEN SOVIET RUSSIAN AND EAST EUROPEAN COMMUNISTIC COUNTRIES DELEGATES EVACUATED FROM THE HALL. WHY I SHOT THIS WAS TO DEPICT CLOSE UP OF CHINESE LEADERS FOR STOCK SHOTS BUT I WAS NOT AUTHORISED TO TAKE FILM OF THE LEADERS ON THE PLATFORM AND I HAD TO SHOOT THEM FROM MY OWN CHAIR WHICH WAS NOT SO GOOD EVEN I USED TELEPHOTO LENS ( 75 mm ) FROM MY SEAT.
    CANTON PROVINCE IS THE NUMBER 2ND DENSE POPULATED PROVINCE IN CHINA WHERE 40 MILLION PEOPLE LIVE. NO. 1 DENSE POPULATED PROVINCE IS SZECHUAN PROVINCE WHERE 80 MILLION PEOPLE LIVE. CANTON PROVINCE IS LOCATED A TROPICAL AREA SO THAT THEY HAVE ENOUGH FOOD, MOSTLY TWICE A CROP A YEAR AND SOME SORT OF CROP, THEY CAN GET THREE TIMES A YEAR. IT IS TOLD THAT THERE ARE SEVENTY MILLION MILITIA THROUGHOUT CHINA AND MOST OF THEM NOW ARE EQUIPPED WITH RIFLES, GUNS, MACHINE GUNS, ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS ( ONLY FACTORY WORKERS ) AND TRENCH MORTARS AND THE MOST OF PEOPLE'S COMMUNE HAS THEIR OWN MUNUTION FACTORY.
    WE VISITED HOA TONG PEOPLE'S COMMUNE ,40 KILOMETRES NORTH-EAST OF CANTON WHERE THE COMMUNE AUTHORITIES INVITED US TO SHOW THEIR MEMBERS OF COMMUNES MILITARY DRILL WITH REAL BULLETS. THEY TOLD US THAT THERE ARE 52,100 VILLAGERS IN THIS COMMUNE AND 12,000 OF THEM ARE MILITIAS FROM 10 YEARS OLD TO 51 YEARS OLD. THEY ARE TRAINED ABOUT TWO HOURS EVERY WEEK FOR MILITARY DRILL. 120 SELECTED VILLAGERS WHO ARE WELL VERSED IN SHOOTING INCLUDING CHILDREN AND GIRLS JOINED TODAY'S MANOEUVRE. THESE VILLAGERS IN THE ACTUAL COMBAT WITH UNITED NATION TROOPS ??? AND INDIA-CHINA CONFLICT. THEY ARE SUPPOSED TO BE RESERVED FORCE FOR ??? LIBERATION ARMY LED BY GENERAL LIN PIAO. THERE ARE MANY SIGNS SAYING ??? IMPERIALISM " AND " UNITED STATES WILL BE BEATEN IN VIETNAM AFTER ALL? A TRENCH MORTAR UNIT COMPOSED OF MOSTLY GIRL MARCH TO THEIR POSITION CARRYING 60 MM MORTAR WITH SHELLS. MEANWHILE, GIRL UNIT PREPARE TO SHOOT 10 BALLOONS SET 150 METERS AWAY AND THEY SHOOT THEM WITH REAL BULLETS AND HIT THEM ALL WITHIN 5 MINUTES. THE NEXT WAS A TARGET MADE OF IRON PLATE BY YOUNGMEN AND WOMEN INCLUDING FEW TEENAGERS, THEY SHOT THEM ALL AND SOME OF THEM USED MACHINE GUNS FOR THE TARGET. FINALLY, THE GIRLS HIT A TARGET SURROUNDED BY WHITE FLAG ON A HILL ABOUT 500 METERS AWAY BY MORTAR WHICH HIT EVERYTHING. IT IS REPORTED THAT THERE ARE THREE MILLION REGULAR LIBERATION ARMY INCLUDING AIR FORCE AND NAVY IN CHINA, BUT THESE 70 MILLION MILITIA WILL BE GREAT RESERVED FORCES AND MAY BE NO.1 ARMED FORCES AS FAR AS NUMBER IS CONCERNED IN THE WORLD.
    RED GUARDS WHICH WAS FIRST SET UP AND ORGANIZED IN PEKING LAST JUNE,1966 WAS SUPPORTED BY TEENAGERS MOSTLY HIGH PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS, SECONDARY SCHOOL PUPILS AND JUNIOR COLLEGE STUDENTS THROUGHOUT CHINA. THEY ORGANIZED THEIR OWN RED GUARDS IN EACH DISTRICT AND DECIDED TO SUPPORT MAO TSE-TUNG THEORY AND DECIDED TO GO UP TO PEKING. THE GOVERNMENT ENCOURAGED THEM TO COME TO PEKING PROVIDING FREE TRANSPORTATION BY RAILWAY AND FREE FOOD TICKETS AND ALL THE SCHOOLS INCLUDING PRIMARY SCHOOL, SECONDARY SCHOOL AND COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES WERE CLOSED WHERE THE RED GUARDS ARE ACCOMMODATED THROUGHOUT CHINA WHEN THEY COME FROM OTHER PROVINCES. MORE THAN 12 MILLION RED GUARDS YOUTH CAME UP TO PEKING SO CALLED EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCE. SOME UNABLE TO GET ON THE TRAIN WALKED TO PEKING ALONG THE RAILWAY TRUNKS ON FOOT HOISTING RED GUARDS FLAG WITH RED ARM BAND. THEY WERE GREETED, WELCOMED AND ENCOURAGED BY FELLOW PUPILS AND STUDENTS WHEREVER THEY PASS THROUGH AND EVERY HOUSES OFFERED THEM FOOD AND DRINKS.
    EVERY STATIONS WERE CROWDED BY THESE RED GUARDS AS LOCAL RED GUARDS HEADQUARTERS ORGANIZE TRANSPORTATION SCHEDULE USING EVERY AVAILABLE FREIGHT CARS, PASSENGER CARS AND OTHER. SO ORDINARY PEOPLE CAN NOT GET ON THE TRAIN.
    WHEN THEY ARRIVED AT PEKING, THEY FORWARD TO TIEN ANMEN GATE WHERE THEY WILL SEE MAO TSE-TUNG AND LIN PIAO ON NOVEMBER 11th.
    MAO INSPECTS THEM AND THEY ARE ON THE TRUCKS. WHICH I COULD NOT SHOOT OR TO APPROACH TO MAO-TSE TUNG SO I SHOT TV TUBE WHERE MAO APPEARED MORE THAN FIVE HOURS AS LIVE TV TELECAST FOR RED GUARDS.
    NEXT DAY, ON NOVEMBER 12th, MAO INSPECTED RED GUARDS BY CAR ESCOURTED BY LIBERATION ARMY SOLDIERS. 2 MILLION RED GUARDS WERE EXCITED TO CHEER FOR THEIR GREAT LEADER AND ALL DAY LONG, THEY SHOUTED "LONG LIVE MAO TSE-TUNG " AND OUR GREAT LEADER AND PILOT.
    THE PICTURE SHOWS HUNDREDS OF YOUNG PUPILS OF CHINA MOSTLY PRIMARY SCHOOLS ASSEMBLE AT HANKOW RAILWAY STATION TO SEE OTHER RED GUARDS OFF FOR PEKING HOISTING MAO TSE-TUNG BIG PORTRAIT AND RED FLAGS MENTIONING YOUNG RED GUARDS AND THOSE WHO ARE ALREADY ONBOARD THE COACH OF THE TRAIN PACKED UP LIKE SARDINS WAVE THEIR HANDS SHOWING A RED BOOK COVERING QUOTATIONS FROM MAO TSE-TUNG AND THEY BUY BREAD COVERING MEAT AT THE STATION. ON THE OTHER HAND, AT SHANGHAI RAILWAY STATION ARE CROWDED BY RED GUARDS MOSTLY SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS GOING TO PEKING AND ORDINARY PASSENGERS ARE UNABLE TO GET ON THE TRAIN AS THEY ARE ALL CONTROLLED BY RED GUARDS. HUNDREDS OF RED GUARDS RUSH TO THE COACH OF THE TRAIN BOUNDING FOR PEKING.
    AT PEKING, THOSE WHO ASSEMBLED AT TIEN ANMEN GATE ( HEAVEN PEACE GATE ) LOOK AT A HUGE PORTRAIT OF MAO TSE-TUNG ON THE WALL OF THE GATE AND CHEER AND SHOUT " LONG LIVE MAO TSE-TUNG ".
    4,000 TRUCKS ARE MOBILIZED TO LOAD TWO MILLION RED GUARDS AND PARADED IN FRONT OF MAO TSE-TUNG AND LIN PIAO AND THEY UNLOAD THEM SOMEWHERE AND LOAD NEW RED GUARDS ON TRUCK AND MARCH PAST BEFORE MAO AGAIN WHICH TOOK FIVE HOURS. IT IS REPORTED MAO TSE-TUNG COULD NOT WALK OR SPEAK BUT HE WAS ALL RIGHT AS FAR I WITNESSED THROUGH PEKING TELEVISION LIVE TELECAST. RED GUARDS WERE VERY IMPRESSED WITH MAO WHEN THEY SAW HIM AND SOME RED GUARDS OVERJOYED WITH TEARS IN THEIR EXCITED THAT THEY SAW MAO IN PERSON. THEY ARE LIKE BEATLES FANS.
    ON NOVEMBER 11TH, THE CHIANG ROAD IN PEKING WHICH IS 50 METRES WIDE AND 16 KILOMETRES LONG WAS SIGNED UP BY ANOTHER TWO MILLION RED GUARDS WHO WERE UNABLE TO SEE MAO IN PERSON ON PREVIOUS DAY AND LIBERATION ARMY SOLDIER ARE SEATED BOTH SIDE OF THE ROAD AS MAO AND LIN PIAO ARE COMING IN THE ROAD ??? TIEN ANMEN GATE TO INSPECT RED GUARDS. AT 3:00 p.m..
    MAO'S CAR ( THE RED FLAG, CHINESE MADE 8 CYLINDER SEDAN ) HEADED BY 8 MOTORCYCLE GUARDS PASSES THROUGH THE STREET AND BOTH SIDE OF RED GUARDS CHEERED HIM " LONG LIVE MAO TSE-TUNG AND SUCCESS OF THEIR CULTURAL REVOLUTION ". MAO'S CAR PROCEEDED TO TIENANMEN GATE AMIDST CHEER OF RED GUARDS ( PLEASE LISTEN TO TAPE SOUND RECORDED AT PEKING ).
    WHEN HE PASSED THROUGH, THE RED GUARDS ARE DISMISSED AND THEY ARE GOING TO THEIR HOME OR SCHOOLS WHERE TURNED TO LODGING TO LOCAL RED GUARDS AND MOTION PICTURE THEATRES WHICH TURNED TO TEMPORARY THEIR DWELLING PLACES. PLEASE LOOK THOUSANDS OF RED GUARDS. THEY ARE WALKING THOUGH THEY LOOK LIKE MOVING BY ESCALATOR ON THE ROAD.
    ACCORDING TO LATEST REPORT, JANUARY 25th, THE RED GUARDS ARE STILL IN PEKING AS THEIR SCHOOLS ARE CLOSED INDEFINITELY AND EVERY RED GUARDS WISH TO VISIT PEKING ONCE A WHILE BESIDES, ALL TRANSPORTATION, FOOD AND LODGING ARE FREE OF CHARGE AND NOW THEY MIX OF WITH LABOURERS AND DEVOTE THEMSELVES TO WRITE THE WALL BULLETIN OR NEWSPAPER ACCORDING TO INSTRUCTION OF THE RED GUARDS HEADQUARTERS IN PEKING. THEY BELIEVE THE HAVE TO ACCOMPLISH THEIR OBJECT " CULTURAL REVOLUTION " AS THEY ARE NOW WELL FED, THEIR ECONOMY IS GETTING BETTER AND THEIR ARMED FORCES IS STEADY AND THE REST IS TO WIPE OUT " CAPITALISTIC IDEA" AMONG THE LEADERS AND POWERFUL PEOPLE STILL EXIST AND PREFER REVISIONALISM RATHER THAN SOCIALISM. FRANKLY SPEAKING, IT IS NOT POWER STRUGGLE AMONG CHINESE LEADERS THOUGH APPARENTLY MAO AND LIU SHAO ??? CONFLICT IN THEIR OPINION, HOWEVER, I BELIEVE THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION WILL END NEXT FEW MONTHS AND THERE WILL BE NOT MUCH CHANGE IN THE LIST OF LEADERS. THAT WILL BE THE TRUTH.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA7GCERLBCVW9XEFQ92LTURERBA
    Media URN:
    VLVA7GCERLBCVW9XEFQ92LTURERBA
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/01/1967
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:15:12:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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