South Africa. In the black township of Soweto there have been continued violent clashes between?
GV & LV: Houses and streets in Soweto, South Africa.
SV & CU: Family in Soweto house.
SV: Woman preparing food as men read papers. (3 shots)
CU: Head of family seated at table with unemployed son. (2 shots)
SV: Woman in kitchen.
LV: EXT Soweto housing.
SV & CU: Water being taken from outside taps. (2 shots)
CU: EXT Sick grandmother on bed watches while father. washes. (2 shots)
SV: Head of family and unemployed son talking at table.
CU: Son speaking in English.
CU: (SAME SHOT) Father and son seated.
SV: (SAME SHOT) Father speaking.
CU: Father shaking his head.
PALFREYMAN: "In this sprawling black metropolis live three-quarters of a million people -- almost the population of Perth. Like most cities, Soweto has its rich and its poor. The average man lives in a house like this one -- together with six or seven other people. The rich man might earn several hundred dollars a month. The poor man and his children will probably be unemployed. Sam Yangwa (phonetic) and his family of eight pay 12 rand 40 -- about 12 dollars a month -- to rent this house in the Soweto suburb of Orlando. It consists of four rooms -- two tiny bedrooms, a living room and a kitchen. In an area less than the size of the average Australian lounge room, eight people live, eat and sleep. Under South Africa's Pass Laws, each person who lives here must carry a pass at all times to prove that he or she is entitled to live in the urban township of Soweto. Locally the pass is known as (indistinct) and must be produced on demand. The combined monthly income of this household is approximately 100 Australian dollars. (110 U.S. dollars).
During the day the wage earners of the family are at work, the children at school or playing outside and the grandparents at home. Sam Yangwa is retired on a pension of about 20 dollars a month. He has lived here for 29 years and retired two years ago from a factory which made window frames for buses. Ben is unemployed. he works when he can as a painter. The family cooking is done in a tiny kitchen which houses an electric and a wood stove. Tension in Soweto has increased since the riots of last year and several members of this family didn't want to be filmed. Soweto is an endless sprawl of bleak backyards and outside toilets. The apply water supply to this house is from a single outside tap. Water for cooking, for washing, is carried indoors in a basin. Inside, eight men, women and children share two tiny bedrooms. There's little privacy
"The sick grandmother cannot escape the routine of daily life which continues around her. The riots of the last year have brought to the surface differences of opinion between the young and the old in Soweto."
SON: "We think fighting is the best way to change things."(part indistinct)
PALFREYMAN: "The students and the younger people believe that confrontation on the streets is now the only way to highlight the problems of apartheid and Soweto. The old still see them as radical, clinging to the hope that change in South Africa can be brought about by common sense and evolution."
REPORTER: RICHARD PALFREYMAN.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: South Africa. In the black township of Soweto there have been continued violent clashes between security forces and students since last year's major rioting. Earlier this month police fired teargas to disperse crowds of stone-throwing students after the funeral of a black girl killed by police bullets at the end of June, Everyone's aware of the root cause of the violence -- the South African government's harsh apartheid system. But, as the Australian Broadcasting Commission's Richard Pal Reyman reports, it's aggravated by unemployment and overcrowding.