President Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, the world's longest-lived communist leader , becomes eighty years old on Thursday (may 25) -- and unlike some figurehead presidents, Tito remains firmly in control of the rebel communist nation for which he fought the Nazis thirty years ago and has since built into a near-prosperous, firmly independent nation at the helm of the world's non-aligned countries.
GVs troops marching through crowded streets past Tito on dais (5 shots)
SVs Tito with partisans (2 shots)
GVs INTERIOR - Assembly electing Tito president (5 shots)
Tito in London with Churchill, Duke of Edinburg, Eden and others (2 shots)
GVs Khrushchev arriving, greeted (3 shots)
SVs Nasser and Tito holding talks (3 shots)
SVs & GVs crowds at airport, Tito being greeted by Dubcek and waving to crowds (5 shots)
SV INTERIOR Popovic and Bouteflika in greeting
GVs INTERIOR Tito arriving and addressing Assembly (4 shots) (Audience includes Edvard Kardelj)
SV INTERIOR Pope presenting gift to Tito
Brezjmev and Tito in motorcade through streets
SV PAN from Tito to Mrs. Gandhi and others around conference table
SVs EXTERIOR University; students; strike notices(4 shots)
SVs Tito enters Assembly and sits at rostrum (2 shots)
Initials ES. 1610 ES. 1800
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: President Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, the world's longest-lived communist leader , becomes eighty years old on Thursday (may 25) -- and unlike some figurehead presidents, Tito remains firmly in control of the rebel communist nation for which he fought the Nazis thirty years ago and has since built into a near-prosperous, firmly independent nation at the helm of the world's non-aligned countries.
He is still in good health, according to latest reports, and then no right of giving up the reins of power -- nor even appointing a successor role, despite seemingly token attempts in the past few years to form a collective council ready to govern under a rotating presidency when be gone. ??? and koca Popovic -- most are Tito's contemporaries, and now ??? ??? old to establish new rule even if they cutlive him.
For the moment then, Tito is secure in power -- despite his continual struggle to avoid being swallowed up by the Soviet Union, and ??? numblings of nationalist discontent in some of the widely-differing multi-??? ethnic province which make up his country. Bot these difficulties have up to dramatic crises in the past, put have been firmly handled by the ol??? statement and body, for the moment, are less of a threat to Tito than they been.
This production, compiled from the Visnews film library, tradi??? dramatic career of the former peasant child through the breakthrough in??? international scene as one of the most successful guerrilla leaders of ??? century, to helmsman and creator of the little backward nation which gre??? successfully challenge Moscow and become firmly entrenched as one of the ??? of a third world encompassing half the globe.
SYNOPSIS: Yugoslavia, 1945, and a victory ??? through Belgrade watched by the who'd led the nation to freedom against a nazi invasion - Marshal Josip Broz Tito, who turns eight, years old on Thursday.
During the war Tito became one of century's most successful guerrilla leader after a peasant childhood, becoming a worker and lowly soldier in the First Wold War, and after twenty years of communist underground agitating throughout Eastern and Western Europe. The war over, ??? elected the nations' first president in 1953 after leading Yugoslavia ??? startlingly ???sapid progress as ??? Minster - crushing all opposi??? and deposing King Peter. He ??? his old wartime ally, Britain - ??? old friends like Winston Church??? the Duke of Edinburgh and Anth??? Eden -- after alienating the S??? Union in a bitter politico-econ??? struggle to absorb Yugoslavia in the Soviet bloc.
Stalin had predicted chaos an??? in Yugoslavia, but instead it??? prospered - and under Nikita ??? Khrushchev, Moscow slowly and ??? haltingly re-established friend ??? relations. But they wavered un??? over the years as Tito continue ??? resist overtures to join the S??? entente. Increasingly, Yugosl??? turned for friendship to the W??? to the emerging thorn world, especially Africa.
He courted Nasser - on occasion??? this, at the end of his proionn??? African-Arab tour of 1968 - but??? Arabs grew more distant as Egyp??? increasingly to Moscow for suppo??? the Middle East. At the same the ti??? encouraged communist rebellions ??? Moscow - visiting Czecholsovaki ??? supporting former Czech leader, Alexander Dubcek.
But while Yugoslavia continued to avoid a Soviet invasion, Moscow successfully broke up the unofficial entente between Tito, Rumania and Czechoslovakia by sending troops ??? tanks to crush the Czech shortly after this historic visit.
Some of Tito's old underground fri??? like Koca Popovic - here visiting Algeria for talks with the then Foreign Minister, Bouteflika - ??? once marked as his successors. ??? they're getting old, like Tito. ??? despite Tito's legislation to ??? a collective leadership to suc??? him, a power vacuum remain ??? directly underneath the ageing ??? dictator.
Tito has continued to court to - becoming last year the first communist leader to pay an offic??? visit to the Vatican. At the ??? Tito re-established friendly r??? with the Italian Government, an??? recently, too, with the Sovie??? Soviet communist party boss L??? Brezhnev visited Belgrade in last year st Tito's invitation While there he called for ??? ties' between the two nations. ??? tito, by then leading the non-aligned nations group with I??? refused any closer links.
So as he turns eighty, Tito is ??? firmly in power - with retartival ??? few problems. Last year h??? successfully put own the Crestie??? nationalist movement, led by Z??? University students who called in protest at his government, ???year tightened up central party authority. He's expected to vi??? Moscow next month, but he says ??? always, it will be on his own ???.