The United Nations special Committee on Colonialism has been meeting in Lusaka Zambia, to hear petitions from freedom movements in Southern Africa.
DELEGATES SEATED WHILE CARLOS ROCHA SPEAKS: RUSSIAN DELEGATE: CHAIRMAN VICE CHAIRMAN, COMMITTEE SECRETARY: VARIOUS DELEGATES: SOUTH AFRICAN DELEGATE MR. MAKIWANE SPEAKS.
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Background: The United Nations special Committee on Colonialism has been meeting in Lusaka Zambia, to hear petitions from freedom movements in Southern Africa.
The twenty-four members of the committee flew into lusaka on May ninth from Congo-Kinshasa, where they had been to hear similar positions from other liberations movements.
Four liberation movements have put forward petitions during the Lusaka session. Two of them were from Rhodesia: the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), and its rival the Zimbabwe African People's Union (NAPU). ZANU alleged in its petition that the regimes of Southern African would not remain so strong and intransigent were it not for the economic and military support they enjoy from "Imperialist powers".
Tasyana Mutizwa, Zanu's delegate, said that United States investments in Southern African totalled several millions of U.S. dollars. He also alleged that in Rhodesia most firms were run by South African subsidiaries of British and American companies. The petition ended by calling on the U.N. to show some tangible results in Southern Africa, as they were desperately needed.
The two remaining Lusaka petitions came from Angola and South West Africa. Carlos Rocha, for the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (M.P.L.A.) told the Committee on Thursday that Dr. Marcello Caetano's accession to the premiership of Portugal would bring no change in Portugal's colonial policy.
M.P.L.A. would seek a peaceful solution if a Portuguese Opposition party came to power. Otherwise they would continue the Angola war. He spoke of the growing links between Portugal and South African and Rhodesia, and claimed that they were backed by NATO powers. Mr. Rocha called on the U.N. to impose Economic sanctions against Portugal. He said his organisation controlled one third of Angola.
Final organisation to speak, apart from Zambia herself, who petition through her U.N. Ambassador, was SWAPO-the South West African People's Organisation. They represent the people of South West African-Namibia-whose territorial mandate South Africa has refused to surrender to the United Nations Moses Garoeb, Information Director of SWAPO, called for the implementation of U.N. resolutions of Namibia-which now total almost 80- and for the setting of a date for South Africa's withdrawal. He wanted SWAPO men to be treated as prisoners of war. 'We come from country ever which the U.N. has incontrovertible rights which the world body has failed to exercise as far', added Mr. Garoeb.
The committee is spending a week in Lusaka before flying on the Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.