The United States on Tuesday (19 December) announced an escalation of the war against North Vietnam with bombing raids on targets in many parts of the country, including Hanoi and the port of Haiphong.
GV & SV Bombs being loaded on aircraft (4 shots)
CU & SV F-4 Phantoms being refuelled
LV Phantom taking off
GV & SV B-52s taxiing and taking off (4 shots)
GV Phantoms bombing North Vietnamese targets (2 shots)
LV & SV North Vietnamese tanks burning (4 shots)
SV Woman coming out of shelter
GV & SV North Vietnamese people look at bomb fragments (5 shots)
Initials BB/0150 PK/BOB/BB/0207
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Background: The United States on Tuesday (19 December) announced an escalation of the war against North Vietnam with bombing raids on targets in many parts of the country, including Hanoi and the port of Haiphong.
Giant 8-52 bombers hit a number of populated areas, while United States Navy warships bombarded targets along the entire coast.
The United States Command in Saigon announced the lose of two B-52 bombers and on F-III fighter bomber.
The raids were denounced by Hanoi, and both The People's Republic of China and India expressed concern at the resumption of heavy bombing. The Soviet Union accused the United States of "bullying Hanoi into a peace settlement".
The raids were the heaviest since December 15. Air base installations around Saigon and other strategic sites have stepped up their activities to cope with the renewed attacks.
Air raids had been restricted to below the 20th Parallel since October, when hopes of a successful outcome in the Paris peace negotiations were still high.
President Nixon's order on the resumption of bombing takes in targets all over North Vietnam.
Hanoi has claimed the American bombers have savagely devastated many populated areas and killed at least nine people and wounded 60 others.
SYNOPSIS: At a United States air base near Saigon, bombs are loaded aboard aircraft....with North Vietnamese targets as their ultimate destination. This library film shows the preparations that have preceded many a bombing raid by U.S. aircraft....raids which have led up to the resumption this week of full-scale bombing of North Vietnamese targets.
An F-four Phantom fighter bomber takes off with its load of bombs and rockets for enemy targets. The B-fifty-two bomber....the backbone of the United States Air force's war against North Vietnamese positions....pounded target on Monday north of the twentieth Parallel. This was the first time since October that bombing missions has gone beyond this demarcation line. For the past two months, hopes had been rising that the Paris peace negotiation would reach a successful outcome. But with the breakdown of the secret talks between U.S. envoy Dr. Henry Kissinger and Hanoi's negotiator Le Duc Tho, a resumption of the bombing was ordered by President Nixon.
The raids have been denounced by Hanoi as "criminal acts". It claimed the U.S. had sent waves of warplanes to bomb savagely many populated areas, including the capital of Hanoi and its main port of Haiphong.
This film of earlier bombings shows the effect of Bee-fifty-two raids on North Vietnamese positions....in this case in Quang Tri Province, near the Demilitarised Zone. The latest raids, the heaviest since December the fifteenth, struck at similar positions over a wide area of North Vietnam. Hanoi claimed the bombers had hit a number of populated areas and killed at least nine people and wounded sixty others. Both the People's Republic of China and India expressed concern at the resumption of bombing. The Soviet Union accused the United States of "bullying Hanoi into a peace settlement". Two Bee-fifty-two bombers and an F-one-eleven fighter bomber were reported by United States command as being lost in the raids.