The People's Republic of Mongolia is a state between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China.
The People's Republic of Mongolia is a state between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China. The future of its 1.2 million people may depend on the outcome of Sino-Soviet border negotiations which began in 1969 in Peking.
A great deal of aid -- both money and expert personnel -- has been funnelled into Mongolia from the Soviet Union. But although China still maintains an embassy in the capital, Ulan Bator, the roads to China are closed.
Recently, during Soviet-Mongolian friendship week, a group of United States tourists visited Mongolia and its capital. The tourists were supplied with guides for a tour of the city, including a visit to a tourist camp, which has been established in the country, south of Ulan Bator.
SYNOPSIS: Mongolia is a state lying between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. China still maintains an embassy in Mongolia, but the roads leading to China are closed, and only two trains a week run on the rail line. The roads around Outer Mongolia's capital of Ulan Bator are good, but there is little traffic.
Ceremonial arches across the road announce a Soviet-Mongolian friendship week.
The capital city has wide streets and modern, pastel-coloured buildings. Most were built by the Soviets. Although Mongolia is almost the size of western Europe, it has only one-point-two million people.
Mongolia's national hero, Suhe Baator, led the 1921 revolution and his status stands in the city's main plaza -- a small copy of Red Square in Moscow.
Aided by thousands of experts from the Soviet Union and allied countries, Ulan Bator is undergoing a building boom.
United States tourists are allowed to visit here. Although under close supervision, they're allowed to visit many of the interesting sites in the capital city. For hundreds of years, llamaism -- a modified form of Buddhism -- held sway in Mongolia. Under communism, many llamataries were closed and the priests re-trained. Yet, some are permitted to function. This llamatary in Ulan Bator is now on the foreign visitors' tour. The religious members, mostly elderly, spin the prayer wheels and prostrate themselves in devotion.
Camels, yaks and sheep are plentiful outside the city. South of Ulan Bator, a tourist camp has ben established, with traditional homes built like those from the time of Genghis Khan. Visitors can sleep in a home for a small fee.
There is an outdoor ping-pong table, and even television linked to Moscow's satellite transmissions.
With massive help from the Soviet Union, Mongolia is advancing rapidly. The size of the Soviet military force stationed here is large. Estimates of the size of the force range from five-hundred thousand to one-million men. As it has been in the past, Outer Mongolia is a linking state between two giant forces. Its future is linked to the prolonged Sino-Soviet border negotiations which began in Peking in 1969.