Peru, the South American Andean country which borders on the Pacific Ocean, is in the final threes of preparation for their first national census since 1961.
Peru, the South American Andean country which borders on the Pacific Ocean, is in the final threes of preparation for their first national census since 1961. Starting on Sunday, June 4th, an army of 140,000 census takers will sally forth to compile the mammoth catalogue not only of how many inhabitants the country has, but also how they live, who they are, what they own, what they earn, etc. It is hoped that 110,000 of these census takers will manage to obtain all the necessary information in urban districts during the 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. hours of Sunday. But the remaining 30,000 are expected to take about 15 days to gather the date from the mountain, desert and jungle areas of the country. Already it is estimated that the population will have increased from less than 10,000,000 in 1961, to about 14,500,000. In Lima - the Capital - 65,000 census takers will collect the data on an estimated three million people.
Radio and TV stations are transmitting regular programmes and advertising to indoctrinate the people in the census - including the playing of a "Census Song" which has the refrain "By knowing what we've got, we'll know what we need."
The operation has been in preparation for three years - and the cost is estimated at 240,000,000 sales (about 2.4 million pounds storling/5.0 million dollars). To refuse to answer or cooperate with census takers will be punishable by jail sentences of between six months and five years. Except for certain professional groups - such as doctors, firemen, police, chemists, oil refinery workers, telephone workers and journalists - no one will be allowed on the streets unless wearing the small red-and-white sticker with the Peruvian flag which confirms that they have already been censored.
The census takers are drawn from teachers, military cadets, auxiliary police forces, professional social workers, fourth and fifty year secondary school students ( aged 15-18).
All the data will be fed into IBM computers over the next few months, as all the details become available, and the final census is expected to be published in February 1973. The Government hopes that the information obtained will guide their social and economic planning for the next decade.
SYNOPSIS: This radio station in Lima - the Peruvian capital - like radio and television stations throughout the country, plays "The Census Song". With the refrain "By knowing what we've got, we'll know what we need," it hopes to make the people more conscious of the need for complying with the census which begins on Sunday (PAUSE). This is the first census since 1961 - and already is estimated that the population will have gone up from ten million to fourteen-and-a-half million since then.
The census programmes are also teaching the people how to answer the questions - which will not only count the number of inhabitants, but will also provide data on how they live, what they own, what they earn, in fact everything about every person who lives in Peru. An army of one hundred and forty thousand census takers have been trained over the last three years. One hundred and ten thousand of them hope to collect the urban statistics during Sunday - but, for the thirty thousand who have to go forth into the desert, jungle and mountain areas of the Andean country, special food rations to help them along during their fifteen-day trek.
The total cost of the census operation is estimated at the equivalent of nearly six million U.S. dollars. But the Government hopes that the information obtained will guide their social and economic planning for the next ten years. All the data will be fed into computers over the next few months - and the findings are expected to be ready for publication by next February. To refuse to answer will be punishable by jail sentences of between six months and five years. Except for certain professional groups - including police, doctors, oil refinery workers and journalists - no one will be allowed on the streets without the red-and-white sticks with the Peruvian flag which confirm that they have been ???.