INTRODUCTION: The American space shuttle Columbia, the world's first re-usable spacecraft, made a perfect landing on a dry lake bed in California on Tuesday (14 April) after 52 and half hours in space and 36 orbits round earth.
GV Columbia in space
GV Mission Control room
GV view from chaser aircraft
GV Mission Control room (2 shots)
GV Columbia in sky
GV View of columbia from chaser aircraft as it is coming into land (3 shots)
GV Columbia putting down landing gear and landing (4 shots)
GV Nasa vehicle driving out to Columbia
GV columbia stationary (2 shots)
SV door of columbia opens and astronauts exit (3 shots)
GV people in Mission control applauding
GV Astronaut Crippen leaving spacecraft
AV Booster rockets being towed (2 shots)
GV Soviet vessel watching proceedings (2 shots)
GV Booster rocket in water
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
BELL: "And the last orbit before re-entry, an air force telescope has its sight on the Columbia. Form then on contact was voice contact only."
MISSION CONTROL: "We're just enjoying the view. We'll be with you for two minutes and you'll like to know that our chase aircraft have just launched form Eddy and coming up looking for you. Nice and easy does it John. We're all riding with you."
BELL: "That was the last contact before re-entry. The most hazardous moment of the flight, a test of the heat shield and a tense 21-minute wait for mission control."
MISSION CONTROL: "Hello there John..."
ASTRONAUT YOUNG: "Columbia here."
MISSION CONTROL: "Hello Columbia. Houston's here how do you read?"
ASTRONAUT YOUNG: "That's (? 400) on mark ten point three at 180 AS"
MISSION CONTROL: "And we couldn't agree more John your safe vector's good. We've got good data in house."
YOUNG: "Five thousand 290"
MISSION CONTROL: 2,500 feet (833 metres).
"Your's coming. You're down. Fifty feet (15 metre) 40, 30, 20, 10, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, touch down. That was clear at 10 feet (3 metres) 5, 4, 5 touch down. (Indistinct) skipper. Welcome home Columbia. Beautiful, beautiful."
"O.K. convoy's on its way. convoy on. wheel stop for the columbia, wheel stop."
ASTRONAUT CRIPPEN: "Joe would like to pass on congratulations to the (indistinct), You guys did a super job bringing us home."
MISSION CONTROL: "Well we appreciate it and you got a lot of people smiling back her Crippen, Good to have you back."
BELL: "The Columbia was more than an hour on the ground before the crew got out .. an unexpected delay that had the astronauts just a little impatient. It was something that would have to be worked on they said if the thing were to get operational. John Young, the commander was the first to emerge.
"The applause was form his fellow workers on the ground at Dryden."
"Bob Crippen followed. the Columbia and its crew are not all that's been retrieved.
"The solid rocket booster which provided most of the power for lift off have green recovered from the Atlantic and towed to Port Canaveral.
"The return was shadowed by a Soviet ship, a so-called trawler, but the only fish it was looking for were the booster, an American variety that swims between space flights. This and the return of the columbia closed out America's most spectacular space enterprise since the moon shots."
REPORTER: BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION'S MARTIN BELL.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: The American space shuttle Columbia, the world's first re-usable spacecraft, made a perfect landing on a dry lake bed in California on Tuesday (14 April) after 52 and half hours in space and 36 orbits round earth. Astronauts John Young and Robert Crippen bounded off the spacecraft first and well after their flight. The delta-winged craft began its descent by firing 44 small thruster rockets which flipped the shuttle over so that it was travelling tail first to help slow its speed. BBC's Martin Bell was watching the landing.