Angola's left-wing MPLA government has launched a programme to completely restructure the country's economy. The?
SV PAN: Angolan soldier walk along Luanda street.
LV PAN EXTERIOR: 'Socar' factory.
SV ZOOM OUT FROM: Angolan flag over doorway to 'Honda' sign.
LV and SV: sign on factory (Tintas Dyrup) (2 shots)
GV and LVS: Petrangola oil refinery (5 shots)
SVS and CU: workers enter Lalamba Banana plantation. (3 shots)
SVS: workers cut bananas and chop down tree. (3 shots)
SV and LV: workers carry bananas to truck (2 shots)
LVS PAN FROM: farm building to workers weighing bananas before loading. (4 shots)
CU: Mestizo manager supervising loading and weighing.
LV: loading continues.
The MPLA fought two other liberation groups during the country's civil war - the National Front for the Liberation of Angola(FNLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). Portugal withdrew its forces from Angola on 10 November, 1975 - the eve of the country's independence. However, they did not declare to whom they ware handing over power. Although FNLA and UNITA never admitted defeat, it was generally accepted by the end of February this year that the MPLA were the victors. It government has been recognised by many other countries but not by the United States. Latest reports, however, indicate that guerrilla activity by UNITA is seriously challenging the MPLA's authority in southern Angola- preventing the re-opening of the all-important Benguela Railway.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Angola's left-wing MPLA government has launched a programme to completely restructure the country's economy. The move comes seven months after the victory of the ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in the country's civil war.
SYNOPSIS: The MPLA were aided in their civil war victory by Cuban troops and advisors. Since then, Cuba has played a major part in Angola's attempts to restructure its economy. Work has already begun on increasing the country's relatively small industrial base. Angola's President, Agostinho Neto, has said the factories, machines and the tools are the social property of the people. But the government has not ruled out some private enterprise and its negotiating several large contracts with foreign corporations.
Negotiations for one of the largest contracts is with the Gulf Oil Company. Gulf is pumping more than 100,000 barrels of oil a day from its off-shore concession in Angola's Cabinda enclave. It is reported likely that Gulf will work for the Angolan state corporation controlling the nation's mineral resources.
Much of the country's economy is based on agriculture, and in particular the banana crop. Big plantations were abandoned by white Portuguese who fled from Angola at independence in November last year. Many have been confiscated by the government and handed over to Angolan farmers. President Neto has said that people should have the right to own and harvest land. But he declared that land could no longer be the property of some men who gained the profit from other men's work. The President said that the plantations could be worked by individuals, but he favoured collective exploitation of the land and state enterprises.
President Neto returned from his first official visit to Cuba at the beginning of August with a series of wide ranging co-operation agreements. Over the coming years, Cuba will provide doctors, nurses, teachers and engineers, as well as experts in internal distribution and external trade, and labour organisation. The Cuban leader, Fidel Castro, said that cooperation will cover every possible field and make it necessary for several thousand Cubans to volunteer for the trip to Africa. However, Dr. Castro said, Cubans were no longer needed in Angola as a military force and a gradual pullout of troops was underway. President Neto said that in future, Cuba's assistance would help Angola to make full use of its potential resources through a complete restructuring of the country's economy.