President Nixon has ended his seven-day visit to the Soviet Union after far-reaching talks with Soviet leaders.
President Nixon has ended his seven-day visit to the Soviet Union after far-reaching talks with Soviet leaders. He flew from Moscow for the United States Loring Air Force Base in Maine on Wednesday (3 July).
Before leaving, the United States President and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed agreements to limit anti-missile defence and underground nuclear tests. They also agreed to aim for a ten-year strategic arms pact starting next year.
The leaders of the World's two superpowers decided to limit their anti-ballistic missile systems to one each.
They also banned underground nuclear tests over 150 kilotons after 31 March, 1976.
But -- as expected -- the two leaders failed to sign a new pact to replace the 1972 interim agreements on strategic arms limitations, although they agreed to a new approach aimed at reaching an early agreement.
Other points of agreement outlined in a joint communique include a decision that the final stage of the European Security Conference should take place soon and be concluded at another summit meeting; and the Geneva conference on a permanent settlement in the Middle East should reconvene as soon as possible, although no date was suggested.
SYNOPSIS: President Nixon's week of summit talks in Moscow with Soviet officials ended today with the signing of an agreement to limit anti-missile defences and underground nuclear tests. Mr. Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev also agreed to aim for a ten-year strategic arms pact starting next year. Mr. Brezhnev and the United States President signed documents limiting their countries' anti-balliotic missile systems to one each. They also banned underground nuclear tests of over one-hundred-and-fifty-kilotons after April nineteen-seventy-six.
But Mr. Nixon and Mr. Brezhnev -- who earlier in the day attended a reception in Moscow's ornate St. George's Hall -- failed to sign a new pact to replace the nineteen-seventy-two interim agreement on strategic arms limitation. They did, however, decide to make a new approach aimed at reaching an early agreement.
Today's signing ceremony was the third of the talks. The two superpowers agreed last week on co-operation in housing construction, energy and heart research and on an eighteen-year trade pact.
Leading Soviet officials who had taken part in the talks with Mr. Nixon and United States officials were at Moscow Airport to bid the President farewell.
The public were also enthusiastic.
Mr. Nixon, accompanied by his wife, left Moscow for Loring Air Force Base in M??? where he was scheduled to make a television address to the America??? before flying to his holiday home it Key ???scane for the weekend.