French police refused to allow a rally on Sunday (10 October) commemorating the 40th anniversary of the founding of the short-lived Basque Republic during the Spanish civil war.
SV Sign near Spanish frontier and cars held up at frontier post
CU Sing and cars waiting at frontier
LV Police trucks on frontier
LV PAN DOWN FROM Building at frontier TO armed French security police
GV Large crowd gathered in cemetery in memory of Jose Antonio di Aguirre, the President of the Basques Provincial Government
SV Crowds carrying Basque flag (2 shots)
CU PAN ALONG Grave of Senor Jose Aguirre TO people standing around gravestone
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Background: French police refused to allow a rally on Sunday (10 October) commemorating the 40th anniversary of the founding of the short-lived Basque Republic during the Spanish civil war. The Republic lasted eight months before it was crushed the Republican Government in that war. However, the Basques have continued campaigning for self-determination -- and a unified state comprising all the Basques provinces in northern Spain and south west France.
SYNOPSIS: Long queues of cars build up at St. Jean de Luz -- on the French side of the border with Spain -- after the authorities refused to allow Spanish Basques to cross the frontier and take part in the rally. The Spanish Basques are traditionally the most militant in the campaign for their own national government. Led by the Basque Nationalist Movement -- Euskadi Ta Astatasune (E.T.A.) -- they have conducted a long guerrilla campaign against the Spanish government in support of their demands.
When the French Basques found the rally was banned, they gathered at a nearby cemetery where they held a short service at the grave of senor Jose antonio de Aguirre, the President of the Basque Provincial Government in 1936. Senor Aguirre later fled to France when General Franco suppressed his Administration. From Paris he continued as President of the Basque Government-in-exile until his death in 1960.