Four people were killed and 140 injured in Zanzibar June 1 in an afternoon of fierce racial riots between Arabs and Africans.
LV.Line of voters.
SV.Police lieutenant with argumentative man.
MV.Man pushes another man - policeman checks.
Arab pushed forward.
CU.Man gesticulates and argues.
MV.Group arguing amongst themselves.
Police lieutenant, centre of group, trying to ease situation.
SV.Police charge with batons and wicker shields.
MV.Line of police load rifles.
LV.Crowd milling about in distance.
SV.Policeman throws smoke (or teargas) bomb to crowd in distance.
LV.Another bomb thrown.
MV.Scuffle between police and argumentative Africans.
MV.Police lead away elderly native.
MV.Crowd make crushed
MV.Young man carried off hurt.
SV.Police stand ready with shields, crowd beyond.
CU.Officer shouts amid crowd.
SV.African runs out of milling crowd.
MV.Hurt African lifted and carried away.
SV PAN.. hurt native carried away.
SLV.Car leaves, crowd chase shouting.
SV Pan.. Africans run chased by police.
Initials TDH/S/AW TDH/V/JF/PB
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Background: Four people were killed and 140 injured in Zanzibar June 1 in an afternoon of fierce racial riots between Arabs and Africans. It was polling day for the second general election held in the island this year.
The violence began in the marginal constituency of Darajani, when certain sections of the crowds queuing outside a polling station began preventing people from entering to vote, because they suspected attempts to vote twice. Fists, sticks, knives, swords, and rocks were wielded, and the police - inexperienced in riots in this normally peaceful and happy island - were forced to use batons and tear gas to break up the crowds in a scene described by an eye-witness as "an orgy of sadistic brutality and violence".
A State of Emergency was declared, reinforcements of Kenya Police were flown in from Nairobi, and a dusk to dawn curfew was imposed by the British Resident, Sir George Mooring.
Trouble has been brewing since the deadlock in the January election when the Afro-Shirazi Party gained 10 seats in the Legislative Council, the Zanzibar Nationalist Party nine, and the Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party three.
The Zanzibar protectorate - comprising the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, with a total population of 300,000 - is a Sultanate. The present Sultan exercise full legislative powers on the advice of an executive council presided over by the British Resident. A new constitution agreed to last year gives a measure of self-government, with an elected majority in the legislative and a ministerial system. It has not yet been implemented because of the deadlock at the last election.