A new item of space technology - a satellite which scientists are calling the most useful ever to be sent into orbit - was launched from the NASA launch pad at the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California yesterday (Wednesday, January 22).
MVS AND SVS Final preparations on satellite
CV Control room
GVS AND MVS EXT. AT NIGHT Satellite on pad
SV PAN Control room
SV Control room
GV Rocket in flight
SV Control room
SVS Animated shots of satellite into orbit
SVS Animation of satellite picturing earth
GV AERIAL SHOT TAKEN FROM SATELLITE OF Mississippi river in Autumn of 1972
GV AERIAL SHOT OF St. Louis area in Spring 1973
13 AERIAL FROM SPACE Entire United States
CU SHOWING Satellite in orbit (2 shots)
Initials CL/0050 CL/0133
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Background: A new item of space technology - a satellite which scientists are calling the most useful ever to be sent into orbit - was launched from the NASA launch pad at the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California yesterday (Wednesday, January 22).
The purposes of the new satellite - named Landsat - will be to monitor the world's environment and the Earth's resources from agriculture to minerals and marine life.
During its orbits, the Landsat will scan every part of earth every 18 days, continuously transmitting reports on the state of soil, water, forestry, fish shoals and other aspects of the natural resources available to the human race, as well as data on the erosion and pollution of the Earth.
One of its principal jobs will be to estimate how much rice and cereal is now being grown and to determine the condition of crops at various times of the year.
Data from the Landsat system will be used by about one hundred research team in forty countries in a wide variety of projects in agriculture, water management and land use.
The use of the satellite, transmitting pictures and information from a wide variety of sensors, will provide global information at a fraction of the cost required to do the same task by conventional means, and in a much quicker time.
An earlier resources satellite, sent up two-and-a-half years ago, has already provided a mass of new information. Among other things, it has helped cartographers redraw the map of the world, having given accurate pictures of the planet for the first time. It also suggested areas of unusual vegetation in the Sahara and other desert regions, indication that they may yet be made fertile land.
Dr. James Fletcher, head of NASA, claims that the Landsat system is the most important development to come out of the Space Age.