• Short Summary

    "SOMETHING IS GOING ON" IN THE KREMLIN.WITH THESE WORDS SPOKEN BY THE AMERICAN SECRETARY OF?

  • Description

    "SOMETHING IS GOING ON" IN THE KREMLIN.WITH THESE WORDS SPOKEN BY THE AMERICAN SECRETARY OF STATE.MR DEAN RUSK, JAN 15, CAME THE FIRST HINT OF A POSSIBLE STRUGGLE FOR POWER IN MOSCOW BETWEEN PRIME MINISTER KHRUSHCHEV AND HARD CORE SUPPORTERS OF THE LATE JOSEPH STALIN.IN LONDON THERE WERE REPORTS OF A DIPLOMATIC STANDSTILL IN MOSCOW BECAUSE THE SOVIET LEADERS WERE "PRE-OCCUPIED WITH OTHER BUSINESS".TWO DAYS LATER SENIOR OFFICIALS OF THE SOVIET COMMUNIST PARTY ARRIVED IN MOSCOW TO WORK OUT THE "DE-STALINISATION" DECISIONS OF THE 22ND CONGRESS HELD IN OCTOBER.BUT THE TASK OF ERASING STALIN, THE MAN WHO RULED THE SOVIET UNION FOR NEARLY 30 YEARS, FROM THE HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY, IS NOT AN EASY ONE.DENOUNCED THREE YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH IN 1953 BY MR KHRUSHCHEV; ATTACKED FOR HIS "REIGN OF TERROR" BY THE SOVIET LEADER AT THE 22ND CONGRESS; AND FINALLY DISGRACED WHEN HIS BODY WAS REMOVED FROM THE PLACE OF HONOUR BESIDE LENIN IN THE RED SQUARE MAUSOLEUM, JOSEPH STALIN STILL APPEARS TO HAVE SUPPORTERS AMONG THE SOVIET LEADERS.

    NOWHERE IN THE SOVIET UNION HAS THE PROGRESS OF "DE-STALINISATION" BEEN MORE FELT THAN IN STALINGRAD - THE INDUSTRIAL CITY AND PORT ON THE VOLGA AND THE CROWNING SYMBOL OF RUSSIAN RESISTANCE TO THE GERMAN ARMY IN WORLD WAR II.AFTER THE REMOVAL OF STALIN'S BODY FROM THE RED SQUARE MAUSOLEUM, STALINGRAD REMAINED THE CHIEF MONUMENT LEFT TO THE LATE DICTATOR.BUT NOT FOR LONG, THE NAME STALIN BECAME A BAD WORD, NOT ONLY IN THE SOVIET UNION BUT THROUGHOUT MOST OF THE EUROPEAN SOCIALIST COUNTRIES.

    THE BATTLE FOR SURVIVAL LEFT STALINGRAD A SKELETON.FOR 160 DAYS HITLER OBLITERATE THE CITY.STRATEGICALLY UNIMPORTANT, STALINGRAD COULD HAVE BEEN BY-PASSED AND CUT OFF BUT HITLER INSISTED ON ITS CAPTURE.BY FEBRUARY 2ND, 1943, WHEN THE RUSSIAN ARMY ENDED ITS MASSIVE WINTER COUNTER-ATTACK, THE ENTIRE GERMAN GARRISON OF 330,000 HAD BEEN KILLED OR CAPTURED.THE BATTLE, FOUGHT AMID THE RUBBLE OF WRECKED BUILDINGS, LEFT ONLY 15 PER CENT OF THE CITY AND PORT STANDING.AND THE COST OF THE DAMAGE WAS ESTIMATED AT 9,000 MILLION ROUBLES.

    AFTER THE WAR, 10,000 YOUNG RUSSIANS WERE SENT TO STALINGRAD TO HELP RE-BUILT THE CITY.A SPECIAL COMMITTEE SPENT TWO YEARS DESIGNING THE NEW CITY.NOT A CITY OF MONUMENTS BUT A MONUMENT ITSELF, STALINGRAD GREW.JOSEPH STALIN PERSONALLY INTERESTED HIMSELF IN THE REBUILDING.STALINGRAD'S GIANT STEELWORKS WAS REBUILT AND ONCE AGAIN BEGAN SUPPLYING THE STALIN TRACTOR WORKS - THE ARSENAL OF THE RUSSIAN AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION.A QUARTER OF ALL THE TRACTORS PRODUCED EACH YEAR IN THE SOVIET UNION AND THE SOCIALIST COUNTRIES NOW COME FROM THE CITY AND THE PORT IS BUSIER THAN EVER BEFORE.

    IN 1956 CAME THE FIRST ATTACKS ON THE "REIGN" OF JOSEPH STALIN.IT WAS MADE BY PRIME MINISTER KHRUSHCHEV, THE MAN WHO AT THE TIME OF STALIN'S DEATH IN 1953 WAS CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FUNERAL ARRANGEMENTS.THIS WAS FOLLOWED LAST NOVEMBER BY THE DENUNCIATION BEFORE THE 22ND CONGRESS OF THE SOVIET COMMUNIST PARTY OF STALIN'S "SERIOUS VIOLATIONS OF LENIN'S PRECEPTS, ABUSE OF POWER AND MASS REPRESSIONS AGAINST THE SOVIET PEOPLE." AT THE HEAD OF THE LIST WAS STALINGRAD.ITS NEW NAME - VOLGOGRAD.THE PEOPLE OF THE CITY, WHO FOR NEARLY 20 YEARS LIVED IN THE PAST, PAYING REGULAR TO THE STALIN MUSEUM PAST, PAYING REGULAR VISITS TO THE STALIN WAR MUSEUM AND THE ONE WAR-SCARRED BUILDING LEFT AS A MEMORIAL, WERE URGED TO FORGET.THE MUSEUM WAS SHUT, A NOTICE OUTSIDE SAID "CLOSED FOR REPAIRS".ON THE MORNING OF SUNDAY, NOV 12.THE CITY'S BIGGEST HOTEL, THE STALINGRAD, HAD A NEW NAME - THE VOLGOGRAD.PLAQUES BEARING SCULPTURES OF STALIN WERE TORN DOWN...A CITY WAS SHORN OF ITS SOUL.

    WHILE COMMUNIST OFFICIALS MET IN MOSCOW AND SPECULATION GREW THAT A STRUGGLE WAS GOING ON BETWEEN MR KHRUSHCHEV AND THE HARD CORE STALINISTS WHO FEEL HIS LINE TOWARDS THE WEST IS TOO SOFT, ONE OF THE SOCIALIST COUNTRIES ANNOUNCED WHERE IT STOOD OVER THE PAST MEMORIES AND TEACHINGS OF STALIN.IN BULGARIA, SOFIA RADIO ANNOUNCED JAN 18 THAT THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY PRESIDIUM, ATTENDED BY ASSEMBLY PRESIDENT KOZOVKI, FIRST SECRETARY ZHIVKOV AND COUNCIL OF MINISTERS CHAIRMAN YUGOV, HAD ISSUED A DECREES RENAMING MOUNTAIN PEAKS, LAKES, A TEACHERS' TRAINING INSTITUTE, A POWER STATION, A MACHINE PLANT AND A BAY IN THE BLACK SEA WHICH CARRIED STALIN'S NAME.A CITY - AND NOW A COUNTRY, FORGETS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA6X5TW1BMJFCDTGOBDO8QNBB7W
    Media URN:
    VLVA6X5TW1BMJFCDTGOBDO8QNBB7W
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    19/01/1962
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:59:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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