• Short Summary

    QATAR IS AN INDEPENDENT ARAB STATE, WITH AN AREA OF 4,000 SQUARE MILES (10 MILLION HECTARES) AND A POPULATION OF 80-THOUSAND.

  • Description

    QATAR IS AN INDEPENDENT ARAB STATE, WITH AN AREA OF 4,000 SQUARE MILES (10 MILLION HECTARES) AND A POPULATION OF 80-THOUSAND. ITS ANNUAL INCOME FROM OIL TOTALS GPB30-MILLION STERLING, MAKING IT AMONG THE WEALTHIEST SMALL NATIONS OF THE WORLD.

    THE SHEIKHDOM GAINED THE ATTENTION OF OIL EXPLORERS AFTER WORLD WAR ONE, AND THE FIRST OIL WAS BOUND THERE IN 1932. TODAY OIL EXPORTS FROM QATAR TOTAL MORE THEN EIGHT MILLION TONS A YEAR, ALMOST ONE PER CENT OF THE WORLD PRODUCTION.

    OIL VIRTUALLY ACCOUNTS FOR ALL OF QATAR'S WEALTH, AND BECAUSE OF THE RELATIVELY SMALL POPULATION THE QATAR GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN ABLE TO ESTABLISH A WELFARE STATE THAT OTHER LARGER NATIONS WOULD FIND COSTLY. THE QATAR GOVERNMENT PROVIDES FREE EDUCATION FOR ALL STUDENTS FROM PRIMARY SCHOOL TO UNIVERSITY, AND EVEN MEETS THE EXPENSES OF QATARI STUDENTS STUDYING ABROAD. MEDICAL SERVICES ARE PROVIDED FREE TO ALL RESIDENTS OF QATAR, BOTH QATARIS AND NON-QATARIS.

    THE GOVERNMENT HAS ALSO USED REVENUE FROM OIL TO PROVIDE WATER AND ELECTRICITY SERVICES THROUGHOUT QATAR, AND SUBSIDISES ELECTRICITY COSTS MAKING DOMESTIC ELECTRICITY IN QATAR AMONG THE CHEAPEST IN THE WORLD.

    ANOTHER SIGNIFICANT FEATURE OF QATAR'S DEVELOPMENT HAS BEEN IN THE FIELDS OF AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES. THE GOVERNMENT HAS SPONSORED SCHEMES TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURE IN THE COUNTRY, DESPITE THE EXCEEDINGLY POOR CONDITIONS THAT EXIST. THE SCHEME WAS SO SUCCESSFUL THAT QATAR IS NOW SELF-SUPPORTING IN THE PRODUCTION OF VEGETABLES, AND IS PLANNING TO EXPORT PRODUCE TO NEIGHBOURING ARAB STATES. THE QATAR GOVERNMENT HOLDS A 15 PER CENT INTEREST IN THE QATAR NATIONAL FISHING COMPANY, WHICH EXPORTS SHRIMPS TO THE UNITED STATES AND JAPAN. THE ORIGINAL GOVERNMENT INVESTMENT WAS 60 PER CENT, OF GPB300-THOUSAND STERLING, BUT MAJORITY OF THESE SHARES WERE LATER MADE AVAILABLE TO QATARIS BY A PUBLIC ISSUE.

    THE PER CAPITA INCOME OF AROUND GPB75 STERLING A YEAR IN QATAR HAS ENABLED THE COUNTRY TO INVEST ABROAD, ESTABLISH A STABLE ECONOMY AND BEGIN NEW INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL VENTURES THAT WILL AT LEAST PARTLY OFFSET ITS TOTAL RELIANCE ON OIL.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA6VB5QKTY78VKWVT6H2KJ7DWID
    Media URN:
    VLVA6VB5QKTY78VKWVT6H2KJ7DWID
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    16/06/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:07:39:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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