• Short Summary

    THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT'S DECISION TO WITHDRAW ITS FORCES FROM THE ARABIAN GULF AREA BY THE END OF 1971 POSES A MAJOR PROBLEM FOR THE RULERS OF THE NINE GULF STATES THAT HAVE UP TO NOW LOOKED TO BRITAIN FOR THEIR DEFENCE.

  • Description

    THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT'S DECISION TO WITHDRAW ITS FORCES FROM THE ARABIAN GULF AREA BY THE END OF 1971 POSES A MAJOR PROBLEM FOR THE RULERS OF THE NINE GULF STATES THAT HAVE UP TO NOW LOOKED TO BRITAIN FOR THEIR DEFENCE. THEY HAVE ALREADY TAKEN STEPS TO GET TOGETHER AND WORK OUT WAYS OF COMBINING IN MILITARY AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS.

    THIS FILM SHOWS SOME ACTIVITIES OF THE 6500 BRITISH TROOPS STILL IN THE AREA, AND THEIR BASES, CAMPS AND AIR STATIONS. THEY WERE REINFORCED BY MEN WITHDRAWN AT THE END OF LAST YEAR FROM ADEN, WHEN IT BECAME INDEPENDENT AS THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF SOUTH YEMEN. THIS WAS BEFORE THE DECISION TO WITHDRAW ALSO FROM THE GULF AREA WAS TAKEN, AND AS A RESULT SUBSTANTIAL BUILDING WORK TO ACCOMMODATE THE ADDITIONAL FORCES WAS THEN STARTED.

    THE BRITISH NAVAL STRENGTH IN THE GULF IS THREE DESTROYERS AND SIX MINESWEEPERS. THEY HAVE THE TASK OF MAINTAINING THE PATROLS OFF BEIRA IN MOZAMBIQUE TO ENFORCE SANCTIONS AGAINST RHODESIA AS WELL AS THE MORE LOCAL DUTY OF HELPING THE GULF STATES TO CHECK SMUGGLING AND ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION.

    THE ROYAL AIR FORCE BASE IS AT MUHARRAQ: WHICH IS JOINED TO BAHRAIN BY A CAUSEWAY. IT MAINTAINS TWO SQUADRONS OF HUNTER JET FIGHTERS AND AN AIR-SEA RESCUE SERVICE. SIX ARGOSY TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT ARE KEPT THERE, THOUGH THEIR CREWS ARE CHANGED EVERY THREE MONTHS; AND A NUMBER OF NOW OBSOLETE TWIN-PIONEERS WERE FLOWN UP FROM ADEN AND PARKED THERE AWAITING A POSSIBLE BUYER.

    THERE ARE TWO BRITISH INFANTRY BATTALIONS IN THE AREA: ONE IN BAHRAIN, BASED AT THE REMOTE DESERT CAMP AT HAMALA, AND THE OTHER IN THE TRUCIAL STATE OF SHARJAH.

    THE BRITISH OBJECT IN KEEPING A GARRISON IN THE GULF AREA HAS ALWAYS BEEN GIVEN AS MAINTAINING POLITICAL STABILITY IN THIS RICH OIL-PRODUCING AREA, BOTH BETWEEN THE SMALL STATES THEMSELVES AND BETWEEN THEM AND THEIR LARGER NEIGHBOURS, SAUDI ARABIA, IRAN AND IRAQ. NOW THAT THE BRITISH TROOPS ARE TO BE WITHDRAWN, AND THE STATES ARE IN THE PROCESS OF FORMING A FEDERATION, THE EXISTING TREATIES BETWEEN THEM AND BRITAIN WILL BE REVISED.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA6SYUULCCQMR8RIKT1G2M22TWI
    Media URN:
    VLVA6SYUULCCQMR8RIKT1G2M22TWI
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    11/12/1968
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:04:47:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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