In London, there's been a call for international agreement to avoid destroying the environment and resources of the Antarctic.
SV: Officials around table
SV: Australian delegates.
SV: New Zealand delegates.
SV: Japanese delegates
SV: South African delegates
SV: Uk foreign office minister Ted Rowlands speaking
AV: Antarctic Penguins while Rowlands continues speaking (LIBRARY FILM) (THREE SHOTS)
GV & SV: Ship in Antarctic as Rowlands talks
GV: Men in Antarctic; Rowlands speaking
SV: Snowcat caterpillar in Antarctic, activity at camp; Rowlands continues (SEVEN SHOTS)
SV: Rowlands speaking
GV: Chairman and delegates
ROWLANDS: "The resources of the Antarctic present us with new challenges, calling for equally far sighted and courageous responses. The idea that we should devote so much attention, so much importance, to the Antarctic may almost seem fanciful to the average man in the street in all the communities we represent. No to us, perhaps, not to the scientists, not to the politicians who are deeply concerned in the issues that arise at this committee but to the general public at large. I believe that it is up to us to get this message across. We must seek to ??? our people the relevance of the Antarctic to their daily lives. If this is not done it may not in the end be possible for governing themselves, however ??? those governments may wish to be, to carry out policies based on wider, longer-??? considerations. We must alert our peoples to the real issues if we are going to carry them with us."
Antarctica's ice cap contains ninety present of the earth's useable fresh water supply. In the seas surrounding the continent are the largest reserves of protein in the form of fish and tiny shrimp-like creatures called krill, which some countries have started to exploit. The Antarctic treaty runs until 1991 and is considered to work well, although there are differences over sovereignty: southern hemisphere countries like New Zealand, Australia and Chile insist they own the land they claim while the United States the Soviet Union make no claims and do not recognise others. The conference ends on 7th October.
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Background: In London, there's been a call for international agreement to avoid destroying the environment and resources of the Antarctic. The call came from the United Kingdom foreign office minister Ted Rowlands at the start of the Ninth Antarctic Treaty Conference. He told Britain's twelve treaty partners that 'sensible rules' were needed to cover commercial exploitation in the world's last great wilderness, which covers one-fifteenth of the earth's land surface.
SYNOPSIS: The twelve nations which established major scientific bases in Antarctica tow decades ago signed a treaty in 1959 banning use of the land mass for military purposes or as a dumping ground for nuclear waste.
But other countries which claim land in Antarctica have not signed the treaty, and there are fears that the area's vast resources could be overexploited. Mr. Rowlands spoke of the difficulty of arousing public concern.