In the Cabora Bassa gorge on the Zambezi River, the Portuguese are building a dam costing over one hundred and fifty million pounds ( sterling).
In the Cabora Bassa gorge on the Zambezi River, the Portuguese are building a dam costing over one hundred and fifty million pounds ( sterling). They hope to complete the project by early 1975. It will be the largest dam in Africa, and the fifth largest in the world.
The contract work on the site is being undertaken by companies from France, Germany, South Africa and Portugal and the finished product will benefit mining operations in Mozambique. But the whole operation faces some problems from the FRELIMO guerrilla organisation, dedicated to seeing the Portuguese out of the country. The guerrillas have pledged themselves to destroy the dam before it officially opens.
SYNOPSIS: In the Cabora Bassa gorge, where Mozambique's section of the Zambezi River flows, the Portuguese are building a gigantic dam. Who completed in 1975 it will be the largest in Africa and the fifth largest dam in the world.
The dam is to be the first stage in developing the whole of the Zambezi Valley. It will irrigate six million acres, and its power two hundred times more than Mozambique uses at the moment, could exploit vast areas of coal iron and copper - and still have enough to supply ten African countries. But such promises o??? development have not impressed t??? enemies of the Portuguese in Mozambique. The guerrillas of FRELIMO have been fighting the Portuguese for the last six years and they are dedicated to stopping the dam by force.
Various countries are working sub contracts for the dam. South Africa, France, Germany and Portugal are building the main components of the dam itself, while Britain and Rhodesia are doing minor jobs such as transporting materials. Besides threats from guerrillas, the scheme has political problems.
Although they are all sharing the financial load, South Africa is the most deeply committed. She building a thousand miles of pylons all the way to Johannesburg and has promised to buy more than half of the power produced. Without this guarantee, the scheme would never have got off the ground. Some African States have condemned the operation as blatant colonialism. In Zambia for instance, they find it hard to accept that black people will benefit when South Africa is getting most of the power.