• Short Summary

    Leaders of Angola's three liberation movements left Kenya for home on Sunday (22 June) after agreeing to stop fighting each other and work together for unity.

  • Description

    1.
    GV State House at Nakuru
    0.10

    2.
    LV INT State House: Three leaders seated with Jomo Kenyatta signing agreement
    0.19

    3.
    SV Neto (MPLA) signing
    0.24

    4.
    CU Roberto (FNLA) signing
    0.30

    5.
    CU Savimbi (UNITA) signing
    0.35

    6.
    CU President Kenyatta looks on
    0.40

    7.
    LV Delegates sign
    0.43

    8.
    SV Delegates look on
    0.48

    9.
    CU Roberto speaks
    1.22

    10.
    CU Savimbi
    1.25

    11.
    CU President Kenyatta speaks
    1.54

    12.
    SV Delegates applaud and three leaders shake hands, embrace each other
    2.14


    TRANSCRIPT: ROBERTO: "We are going with the hearts filled with hopes and convinced that the decisions we have taken here, with all due process, and full responsibility will be given their application in order that our country could get back to peace for the well-being of Angola and all of us. Thank you, Mr. President." (APPLAUSE).



    PRESIDENT KENYATTA: "You have undertaken a commitment to implement certain measures that would bring peace, security and freedom to Angola. These measures cannot be implemented unless you continue to have the same unity in Angola." (APPLAUSE).



    ROLL A: 100 ft: (shot mute with wildtrack on taps one) shots of three leaders arriving; CU shots Neto and Savimbi and Roberto with their delegates si???ing in their final session; more same; GV state House; shots outside of Angolans; shots of three leaders outside. (shot mute with wildtrack)



    ROLL ONE: 300ft: (shot with syno double system sound)- still on tape ONE; more shots of angolans; Angolans in shall groups talking; shots of Neto; shots of groups talking; shots of Savimbi (UNITA leader) with his officials; more same; cutaway; CU MPLA Prime Minister talking with his Minister; CU Savimbi with his men; shots of three leaders together talking (take 7 syno); more same.



    ROLL TWO: (400ft) (Tape two): Wildsound inside on shots of leaders entering conference hall; kenyatta enters; Kenyatta talking (syno); several shots of three leaders seated; shots of three leaders sign agreement; more same; on Kenyatta watching; shots of H. Roberto addressing (syno sound); Kenyatta addressing ......(syno mark as he starts talking on tape) more Kenyatta addressing.



    ROLL THREE: (250ft) Kenyatta addressing continues ...(end clap - syno mark at end of tape 2) shots of Robert and neto shake hands and embrace each other (tape was being changed) more shots of Angolan leaders (all three embrace each other; more same; Kenyatta shouts Harambee..... (syno mark after first shout of Harambee on tape Three); more shots of three Angolan leaders ?????? shaking hands etc. .... more same



    In President Kanyatta's Rift Valley residence in Nakuru, Kenya, an agreement has been signed which may end violence between liberation movements in Angola.



    The leaders of the three Angolan liberation movements agreed to renounce the use of force as a means of solving their problems.



    Agostinho Neto, of the Marxist Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola...



    Holden Roberto, of the National Front for the Liberation of Angola...



    And Dr. Jonas Savimbi, of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola.



    It's a personal triumph for President Kenyatta, who arranged the summit in an effort to restore peace and unity in Angola before it becomes independent from Portugal later this year. Mr. Roberto was certainly optimistic:



    President Kenyatta was pleased with the result.



    The three movements agreed to end all forms of violence and intimidation, and to set free all their prisoners. They guaranteed each other the right of free political activity anywhere in the country. And they'll disarm the civilian population and form a national army of a maximum of thirty thousand men.




    Initials BB/2315 BA/AW/BB/2350


    This film includes extracts from speeches made after the signing of the agreement by Holden Roberto, of FNLA, and President Kenyatta. Transcripts follow:
    Please Note: It was very difficult for soundman to mark tapes with loud clapper inside the room--but all sync shots are marked.

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: Leaders of Angola's three liberation movements left Kenya for home on Sunday (22 June) after agreeing to stop fighting each other and work together for unity.

    The agreement was reached on Saturday (21 June) at Nakuru, Kenya, and included pledges to free all prisoners and guarantee to each other the right to free political activity anywhere in the country.

    They also agreed to disarm the civilian population and form a national army with a maximum of 30,000 men, close individual training camps, eliminate distinctive uniforms and insignia, and set a date in October for elections to be held before Angola becomes Independent from Portugal on II November.

    The three leaders involved were Agostinho Neto, of the Marxist Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), Holden Roberto, of the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), and Dr. Jonas Savimbi, of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).

    They said in a communique that if difficulties arose, another summit would be held in Angola.

    The communique said the leaders had agreed to set up a commission for refugees which would contact about their return. Most of these refugees are in Zaire and are mainly supporters of the FNLA, which claims they number 1.5 million. This figure is disputed by the other movements.

    On the economic problems facing the country, the three leaders said the transitional government must act with "urgency and firmness" to speed up the clearing of Luanda and lobito harbours, to deal with businessmen who were sabotaging the economic development of the country, and to "Impede" strikes and salary demands which were endangering economic stability.

    The communique was issued after six days of negotiations at the Rift Valley residence of Kenya's President Kenyatta, the man who arranged the summit in an effort to restore peace and unity in Angola before independence from Portugal later this year.

    Recent fighting between the rival liberation movements in Angola left at least a thousand people dead.

    President Kenyatta said the Angolan leaders had "proved wrong the prophets of doom". He called on them to put into practice "the spirit of Nakuru".

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA6K6C4CKNB3T7Y0B0QTCOL96LI
    Media URN:
    VLVA6K6C4CKNB3T7Y0B0QTCOL96LI
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    22/06/1975
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:02:14:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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