INTRODUCTION: Berliners Thursday (13 August) marked the 20th anniversary of the wall which divides them and which has claimed 72 lives since it was built by Soviet-backed East German forces.
GV & SV Militiamen marching in parade. (3 SHOTS)
CU & SV Militiamen. (2 SHOTS)
GV Crowds watch soldiers march past. (3 SHOTS)
GV Crowd shots.
GV PAN Small boy gives marching soldier a flower. (2 SHOTS)
CU Poster showing Brezhnev and Honecker.
GV Honecker and other VIPs on podium.
GV Soldiers standing to attention; podium. (3 SHOTS)
SCU PULL BACK TO GV OF Berlin Wall.
GV Fun fair rides at American carnival. (3 SHOTS)
GV & SV Crowds walking through fair. (2 SHOTS)
GV & SV Hamburger stand and man eating corn on the cob. (2 SHOTS)
GV re-enactment of Western shoot-out at saloon. (3 SHOTS)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Berliners Thursday (13 August) marked the 20th anniversary of the wall which divides them and which has claimed 72 lives since it was built by Soviet-backed East German forces.
SYNOPSIS: In East Berlin, some 10,000 militiamen marked with goose-stepping units of the National People's Army, pat Party Chief Erich Honecker, through Karl Marx-Allee which was adorned with red flags and national banners. Immediately after the parade, France, Britain and the United States protested officially about it to the Soviet Union. Berlin has been officially occupied by the three western allies and the Soviet Union since the end of the Second World War and the western powers do not recognise East Berlin as part of East Germany.
Thousands of East Berliners as well as tourists watched the parade in hot sunshine. Some carried placards bearing pictures of Mr. Honecker and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. According to the western allies, the parade constitutes a violation of the demilitarised status of the city. The allies said in their protest that the parade is all the more deplorable in that it commemorates the illegal and inhuman construction of the Berlin Wall in defiance of fundamental human rights. On the other hand, Mr. Honecker, flanked by East German and Soviet Generals, described the day as the beginning of a new chapter in the history of Europe. He said the building of the wall had prevented a Third World War which United States arms policies are threatening again.
In the West, the anniversary was marked in various ways, from a folk festival American style, to hunger strikes and protest demonstrations. Both east and West German television showed their own versions of the history of the wall. And as the folk festival was at its peak, western television reports were stressing the separation of families caused by the wall. They recalled that 72 people lost their lives trying to escape from East Berlin. Last November, an East Berlin border guard shot dead his companion and fled to the West. An extradition request from East Germany was turned down. In general, however, things are quieter than the early days of drama, tragedy and anger, well-known in the sixties.