INTRODUCTION: Tension between Argentina and Chile has risen following the arrest of two Argentine military officers and their wives inside Chile.
GV Street scene in Buenos Aires PAN TO La Nacion newspaper building
SV & SCU Onlookers reading newspaper headlines (2 shots)
SV & CUs Newspaper stand with headlines announcing border closure (5 shots)
SV PAN Changing of Guard in Plaza de Mayo
SV Mothers of missing persons marching
CU Mrs. Lisebeth Den Uyl in march (2 shots)
GV & SV Marchers applauded by crowd (3 shots)
SCU Nobel Prize winner Adolfo Perez Esquivel talking to reporters
GV Marchers walking round square (3 shots)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Tension between Argentina and Chile has risen following the arrest of two Argentine military officers and their wives inside Chile. Argentina closed its border with Chile when the Chilean government announced that the four would be put on trial for alleged spying. Meanwhile in Buenos Aires, more than a thousand people took part in silent protest march on the fourth anniversary of the kidnappings of Argentines who disappeared during government drive against left-wing subversion.
SYNOPSIS: When Argentina sealed off its border with Chile, people gathered at newspaper offices to read about the tense situation between the two countries. Argentine troops were moved last week to strategic areas along the Andes mountain range which divides Chile and Argentina.
Troops on both sides of the border were put on a partial war footing, although an armed clash was averted when both countries agreed to accept the Vatican as mediator. But Argentina and Chile continued to trade accusations of encroachment on each other's territory.
In Buenos Aires on Thursday (30 April) the 'Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo' continued their demonstrations to demand information about their missing husbands, son and daughters. Although the march had officially been banned, the demonstrators were joined by Mrs. Lisebeth Den Uyl, wife of a former Dutch Prime Minister, who has formed a committee in the Netherlands to support them.
Police made no attempt to interfere with the march. But the government has consistently denied that it had any involvement with the kidnappings. Hundreds of Argentines disappeared during the anti-guerrilla drive in the mid-1970s.
Another march was the Nobel Peace Prize winner, Adolfo Perez Ezquivel. He told the crowd that the problem required an urgent solution, and that 'the missing must be returned alive'. The mothers were not allowed the interview with the President Viola which they had been seeking, but they were promised a meeting with a top official from the Interior Ministry.