National and local authorities in Japan, especially in the capital Tokyo, are beginning to introduce measures to combat air pollution from industrial plants and car-exhausts.
LV PAN Tokyo scenes 2 shots
LV PAN industrial area
LV ZOOM into medium view steel mill, shrouded in smoke
MV policeman beckoning car out of traffic for pollution test
SV & CU pollution test being carried out on car's exhaust (2 shots)
CI carbon monoxide reading on meter
GV police and cars at check-point
SV & CU policeman signs clearance certificate (2 shots)
MV policeman examines engine of car
SV & MV PAN another pollution test carried out (2 shots)
LV PAN tokyo smog-shrouded industrial area
Industrial areas, shrouded in smog; police at work checking cars exhausts.
Initials CM/DW/MH CM/DW/PS
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Background: National and local authorities in Japan, especially in the capital Tokyo, are beginning to introduce measures to combat air pollution from industrial plants and car-exhausts.
Factories have in some cases been advised to stop operation even in working hours, and in Tokyo on Saturday (1 August) exhaust-gas concentration was measured at selected areas.
Tokyo policeman are also carrying out spot checks on individual cars, especially old ones with smoky exhausts.
Prime Minister Eisaku Sato is now giving the measures to combat air pollution his personal supervision.
Yet a Tokyo anti-pollution group decided on Saturday (August I) to bring a compensation suit against certain Cabinet Ministers under the Government compensation law, on the grounds that pollution problems have resulted from the Government's inaction.
According to Umon Takagi, leader of the Tokyo Citizens Congress for Pollution Eradication, many residents living near busy road junctions in Tokyo, notably the Ohara junction, suffer impaired health from the effects of car-exhaust gases.
Counter-measures being carried out in Tokyo include spot checks by police of cars with smoky exhausts. The police use special carbon-monoxide-level testers.
If a vehicle exceeds the permitted carbon monoxide level its driver is given a ticket, and he must have the fault put right.
The problem in Tokyo is mainly from old cars, and from too many cars of any age. The city's streets are overcrowded, and the available space is much less than in comparable cities like London or New York.
Statistics put the road area of Tokyo at 5 per cent of its total space, compared with 28 per cent for London and 25 per cent for New York.
In mid-August, a regulation standard for the amount of carbon-monoxide to be allowed from car-exhaust in Tokyo will be introduced, and on the way is a daily helicopter check over the city, in touch with anti-pollution operations on the ground.