Astronaut-physician Dr. Story musgrave and Dr. Dennis R. Morrison of the Bioscience Payloads Office at?
Astronaut-physician Dr. Story musgrave and Dr. Dennis R. Morrison of the Bioscience Payloads Office at the Johnson Space Center here entered a mockup Spacelab October 1 for a seven-day shakedown test of operational procedures and experiment demonstrations. Spacelab is a scientific space station that will be carried into earth orbit as a Space Shuttle payload.
Located in what was once the Lunar Receiving Laboratory, the Life Sciences Payload Facility will be the scene of a series of Space Shuttle life sciences experiment development tests from now until Spacelab and Space Shuttle are ready for orbital flight. Spacelab is being developed and built by the European Space Research Organization (ESRO), a consortium of 10 European countries.
Masgrave and Morrison will live in a mobile home adjacent to the laboratory during Spacelab off-duty hours. Test directors, the science manager and data managers monitor the simulation from consoles in the laboratory near the Spacelab mockup. The first test will end October 7.
The first test, in addition to serving as a rehearsal for future tests and as means of perfecting operational procedures, will also evaluate proposed Space Shuttle ground support and flight crew operational procedures, data handling techniques, man-machine integration concepts and a group of biomedical demonstrations that are possible forerunners of actual Spacelab medical experiments.
Included in the payload simulation are 12 biomedical demonstrations which are representative of the type of experiments that likely will be flown aboard the space station.
The demonstrations are:
Pulmonary Function---the Spacelab mockup is fitted with equipment for monitoring human respiratory functions and measuring such factors as lung capacity, flow rates and ventilation dynamics.
Cardiovascular Physiology and Cellular Repair---an assessment of cardiovascular and healing responses of dogs in simulated weightlessness.
Pine Lignification--analysis of pine seedlings in a study of plant growth in weightlessness.
Effect of Spaceflight Environment on the Replication of Adenovirus---assay of virus cultures using the automated Microbial Ecological Monitoring System to gather data toward aiding diagnosis of human infections in spaceflight.
Study of Cell Physiology of the Ameba---the single-celled protozoan friend of all biology students will be conserved and microphotographed as its protoplasm undergoes changes.
Inflight Gas and Liquid Chromatography---atmospheric analysis in the Spacelab mockup which may lead to an atmospheric monitoring system for use in future laboratories.
Human Transfer Function---a computerized test rig which measures human performance in continuous tracking, critical instabilities, cross-coupled instabilities and reaction time.
Clinical Diagnostic System---a mini-lab for real-time blood and physicochemical analysis which may be the forerunner of spaceflight diagnostic hardware.
Electronystagmography---an eight-cylinder term for the recording of eyeball cations while a person is subjected to side accelerations when seated in a specially-fitted swing chair.
Inflight Fmbryo Development---a demonstration of fish egg fertilization in simulated reduced gravity.
Microbial Load Monitoring---test samples from the Spacelab mockup crew and from the environment will be monitored for microbial load.
Renal Concentration Test---kidney function chemistry will be analyzed using the Clinical Diagnostic System.