• Short Summary

    JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTRY OFFICIALS SAID ON SUNDAY (AUGUST 3) THAT IT APPEARED THAT THE UNITED STATES HAD AGREED TO CONSIDER RETURNING OKINAWA TO JAPAN BY 1972 AND ALSO NOT STATION NUCLEAR WEAPONS THERE.

  • Description

    JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTRY OFFICIALS SAID ON SUNDAY (AUGUST 3) THAT IT APPEARED THAT THE UNITED STATES HAD AGREED TO CONSIDER RETURNING OKINAWA TO JAPAN BY 1972 AND ALSO NOT STATION NUCLEAR WEAPONS THERE.

    THIS CAUTIOUS PRONOUNCEMENT WAS PERHAPS THE FIRST SIGN OF THE END IN A DISPUTE WHICH HAS BEDEVILLED JAPANESE RELATIONS INCREASINGLY SINCE 1945.

    OKINAWA, LIKE THE ATOM-BOMB CRIPPLES IN HIROSHIMA, IS ONE OF JAPAN'S CONSTANT REMINDERS THAT THEY LOST THE PACIFIC WAR.

    SINCE 1945, THE ISLAND HAS BEEN OCCUPIED AND ADMINISTERED BY UNITED STATES FORCES.

    IN RECENT MONTHS IT HAS BECOME A FOCAL POINT IN THE DEMANDS OF JAPAN'S STRONGLY NATIONALIST, AND LARGELY LEFT-WING STUDENT AND RADICAL PROTEST MOVEMENTS. THE SITUATION WAS EXACERBATED A FEW WEEKS AGO BY A PROTEST OVER NERVE GAS AT AN OKINAWA MILITARY BASE, IN WHICH SEVERAL JAPANESE WERE INJURED BY AMERICAN TROOPS. THIS PRECIPITATED DEMONSTRATIONS BOTH IN OKINAWA AND IN TOKYO.

    THOUGH THE AMERICANS HAVE ALREADY AGREED TO RETURN THE ISLAND, UNTIL SUNDAY, THERE HAD BEEN NO MENTION OF A DATE. OKINAWA IS A VITAL PART OF THEIR FAR EAST DEFENCE SYSTEM.

    THE U.S. AIRBASE AT KADENA, NEAR THE OKINAWA CAPITAL NAHA, IS THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE LARGEST DIVISION IN THE U.S. FIFTH AIRFORCE. IT HAS THE TWO LARGEST MILITARY RUNWAYS IN THE ORIENT CAPABLE OF TAKING THE BIGGEST NUCLEAR BOMBERS: B-52 AND F-105 PLANES WHICH ARE BASED THERE. THOUGH THE AMERICANS HAVE NEVER OFFICIALLY ADMITTED THAT NUCLEAR WEAPONS ARE STORED ON OKINAWA, IT IS KNOWN THAT THEY HAVE MACE MISSILES, WHICH ARE NORMALLY ARMED NUCLEAR WAR-HEADS.

    ALSO IN OKINAWA IS THE U.S. MARINE CORPS TRAINING CAMP, WHERE MARINES ARE TRAINED IN GUERRILLA WARFARE BEFORE SHIPMENT TO VIETNAM. AS WELL AS TRAINING, THE BASE IS A SUPPLY AND MARINE AIRFORCE DEPOT FOR VIETNAM.

    THE JAPANESE ARE WILLING TO ALLOW THE AMERICANS TO KEEP THEIR BASES PROVIDED THEY AGREE TO THE SAME CONDITIONS AS ON THE MAINLAND -- NO NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND PRIOR CONSULTATION BEFORE U.S. FORCES COULD BEDEPLOYED AGAINST ANOTHER COUNTRY.

    ON SATURDAY (AUGUST 2) THE JAPANESE ANNOUNCED THAT AMERICA HAD AGREED TO RETURN THE ISLAND BY 1972, AND NOT TO STATION NUCLEAR WEAPONS THERE. BY SUNDAY, THE STATEMENT HAD BECOME CONSIDERABLY LESS DEFINITE. THE NUCLEAR BOMB MAY, IT SEEMS, AGAIN BE A CRUCIAL FACTOR IN JAPAN'S FUTURE RELATIONS WITH HER ONE-TIME CONQUEROR.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA61DK3ZMLFL11JSXE0BTWD8K8W
    Media URN:
    VLVA61DK3ZMLFL11JSXE0BTWD8K8W
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    03/08/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:01:38:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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