• Short Summary

    CHINA AND HER NORTHERN NEIGHBOUR, OUTER MONGOLIA, THIS WEEK SIGNED A TREATY FORMALLY MIXING THE 2,500-MILE BORDER (4,000 KLMS) BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES.

  • Description

    CHINA AND HER NORTHERN NEIGHBOUR, OUTER MONGOLIA, THIS WEEK SIGNED A TREATY FORMALLY MIXING THE 2,500-MILE BORDER (4,000 KLMS) BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. OUTER MONGOLIA, UNTIL 1921 PART OF THE CHINESE EMPIRE, FORMS A BUFFER STATE BETWEEN CHINA AND THE SOVIET UNION.

    NO DETAILS ARE YET AVAILABLE OF THE AGREEMENT WHICH FOLLOWED SECRET NEGOTIATIONS, BUT IT IS SEEN BY SOME WESTERN DIPLOMATS AS A SIGN THAT MONGOLIA IS TRYING TO STEER A MIDDLE COURSE BETWEEN CHINA AND RUSSIA.

    OTHER WESTERN OBSERVERS SEE THE MAIN SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TREATY'S SIGNING AT THE PRESENT TIME AS AN INTENTION TO PUT PRESSURE IN INDIA TO NEGOTIATE HER BOUNDARY DISPUTE WITH CHINA.

    CHINA HAS ALREADY MADE BORDER AGREEMENTS WITH BURMA, NEPAL AND BHUTAN, AND THIS WEEK SIGNED A FRONTIER TREATY WITH PAKISTAN ON THE ALIGNMENT OF THEIR HIMALAYAN BORDER.

    TODAY, OUTER MONGOLIA - THE MONGOLIAN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC SINCE IT GAINED INDEPENDENCE 40 YEARS AGO - IS ON THE BRINK OF DECISIVE CHANGE. ITS RULERS HAVE EMBARKED ON A PROGRAMME TO CATAPULT THE COUNTRY FROM MEDIEVAL TIMES TO THE 20TH CENTURY.

    THOUGH BIG CHANGES HAVE TAKEN PLACE, MOST OF ITS ONE MILLION POPULATION REMAIN HERDSMEN, MUCH AS THEY HAVE SINCE THE TIME OF GHENGIS KHAN. THEIR HERDS, MAINLY HORSES, SHEEP AND CATTLE, PROVIDE THEM WITH FOOD AND CLOTHING.

    BIG HERDS OF CAMELS, OXEN AND HORSES ARE REARED AS CARRIERS TO SUPPLY CARAVAN ROUTES TO RUSSIA AND CHINA ACROSS THE VAST GOBI DESERT.

    OUTER MONGOLIA HAS CLOSE LINKS, ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL, WITH RUSSIA AND CHINA, BUT IS RECOGNISED AN INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC BY BOTH HER GIANT NEIGHBOURS. IT BECAME A MEMBER OF THE UNITED NATIONS LAST YEAR.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA6159VSPZGMFRTAAHMKCUO0PEN
    Media URN:
    VLVA6159VSPZGMFRTAAHMKCUO0PEN
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    27/12/1962
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:19:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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