President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Mr. Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, have jointly?
President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Mr. Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, have jointly been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1978. The announcement was made (October 27) by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
SYNOPSIS: Four years ago, President Sadat received the Star of Sinai from his own people for his leadership in the October War against Israel. It was presented by the War Minister, Ahmed Ismail. The occasion, the first anniversary of the outbreak of war, was marked by a military parade. Beside President Sadat was the Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat. But the War settled nothing. Last November, President Sadat said he was prepared to visit Israel if it would help bring about a settlement. On the 19th, he arrived in Jerusalem, following an immediate invitation from the Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin.
Both leaders addressed an historic session of the Israeli parliament, the Knesset. They expressed warm sentiments of friendship, but made no concessions. The awkward problems - a homeland for the Palestinians, the Israeli-occupied territories and the future of Jerusalem - still remained.
A month later, Mr. Begin returned President Sadat's visit. They met at Ismailia, on the Suez Canal, and arranged for their Foreign and Defence Ministers to work out the details of an agreements. But as the months passed, it became clear that the talks between the ministers had become deadlocked. Then President Jimmy Carter brought the two leader to reconciliation point at Camp David.
That was five weeks ago. Differences of interpretation are still being ironed out, but there are fair prospects that Mr. Begin's target will be met. This would mean peace between Egypt and Israel, but not general peace in the Middle East. Syria, Iraq and other Arab states are bitterly opposed to the Israeli-Egyptian accord.
President Carter admitted these outstanding problems when he reported to Congress. But he recognised, too, how much had been achieved.