President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Mr. Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, have jointly?
CU Woman announcing Nobel Peace Prize in English
1974 SV Egyptian War Minister Ahmed Ismail presents Star of Sinai to President Sadat on first anniversary outbreak of October War
GV Aircraft fly over anniversary parade
SCU Yasser Arafat and Sadat watching parade
MV Torpedo boat on carrier in parade
1977 SV Sadat leaving aircraft in Jerusalem
SCU Begin speaking in Knesset in Hebrew SCU Sadat listening, Rear V Begin speaking
SV Begin and party arriving conference building Ismailia, GV Interior conference, PAN from Egyptians, including Sadat TO Israelis, including Foreign Minister Dayan and Begin
Washington, 1978 Sv Sadat. Carter and Begin signing accord document, CU hands signing, after Camp David Agreement
SV Sadat, Carter and Begin seated, Begin speaking in English, CU Sadat listening, SV three seated
CU Sadat, SV AND GV Carter and Begin embracing
GV Begin walking round to embrace Sadat, CU two embrace, SV AND GV Begin and Sadat shake hands (4 shots)
TV Carter enters Congress, SV Sadat Mrs. Carter and Begin applauding
SCU Carter speaking in English, SV Sadat, Mrs. Carter and Begin listening, GV Congress rises and applauds
"The Norwegian Nobel Committee has awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1978 jointly to the President of Egypt Anwar Al-Sadat, and the Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin".
BEGIN: "My friend President Sadat and I sign the peace treaties. We promised each other we will do so within three months. Mr. President, tonight, at this celebration of a great historical event, let us promise each other that we will do it earlier than within three months".
CARTER: "And I would like to say, as a Christian, to these two friends of men, the words of Jesus: 'Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be the children of God'".
The Committee said that in making the award it wished not only to honour what President Sadat and Mr. Begin had already done, but also to encourage further efforts to work out practical solutions, which could give reality to hopes of lasting peace. It also praised the positive initiative taken by President Carter of the United States.
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Background: President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Mr. Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, have jointly been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1978. The announcement was made (October 27) by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
SYNOPSIS: Four years ago, President Sadat received the Star of Sinai from his own people for his leadership in the October War against Israel. It was presented by the War Minister, Ahmed Ismail. The occasion, the first anniversary of the outbreak of war, was marked by a military parade. Beside President Sadat was the Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat. But the War settled nothing. Last November, President Sadat said he was prepared to visit Israel if it would help bring about a settlement. On the 19th, he arrived in Jerusalem, following an immediate invitation from the Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin.
Both leaders addressed an historic session of the Israeli parliament, the Knesset. They expressed warm sentiments of friendship, but made no concessions. The awkward problems - a homeland for the Palestinians, the Israeli-occupied territories and the future of Jerusalem - still remained.
A month later, Mr. Begin returned President Sadat's visit. They met at Ismailia, on the Suez Canal, and arranged for their Foreign and Defence Ministers to work out the details of an agreements. But as the months passed, it became clear that the talks between the ministers had become deadlocked. Then President Jimmy Carter brought the two leader to reconciliation point at Camp David.
That was five weeks ago. Differences of interpretation are still being ironed out, but there are fair prospects that Mr. Begin's target will be met. This would mean peace between Egypt and Israel, but not general peace in the Middle East. Syria, Iraq and other Arab states are bitterly opposed to the Israeli-Egyptian accord.
President Carter admitted these outstanding problems when he reported to Congress. But he recognised, too, how much had been achieved.