The Falkland Islands, store swept islands of the South Atlantic, have been the subject of a long dispute between Britain and Argentina.
The Falkland Islands, store swept islands of the South Atlantic, have been the subject of a long dispute between Britain and Argentina. Although the people themselves, mostly of British stock, have declared that they don't want it to happen, Argentina claims it has the geographical and historical right to govern the Islands.
The Falkland islands are non-self-governing and are under the direct rule of Britain. British representatives both in talks between the two countries and in the United Nations claim that the 2,000 islanders are not poor and that there is overfull employment. Living standards are said to be comparable with, if not better than those in Britain and there is an excellent standard of education, health services and pensions.
The economy of the islands is based almost entirely on sheep and the sale of wool to Britain. The small population doesn't allow for secondary industries and consequently the islanders are dependent on close association with some other country.
The way of life on the islands follows closely the traditions carried on from the early British settlers modified by constant close touch with Britain. The British type of public house is common; schools are based on the British system as are religion and leisure activities.
The Falkland Islands have been British since 1833. History before then ranges from original occupation in 1764 by the French through various periods of French, Spanish and British Control. An Argentinian colony started in 1828 was closed in 1831 by the United States, which declared the Islands free of any government. Two years later two expeditions, one Argentinian and one British were sent to establish control of the Islands and it was the British who succeeded.