A new threat to the peace plan for Zimbabwe-Rhodesia emerged on Tuesday (7 August) as Commonwealth leaders ended their summit conference in Lusaka.
GV EXTERIOR: Conference centre in Lusaka.
CU: Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi arrives at centre.
CU:British Prime Minister Mrs. Margaret Thatcher arrives.
SV: Australian Premier Malcolm Fraser arrives.
CU: Canadian Premier Joe Clark arrives.
CU: U.K.premier Mrs Thatcher addressing delegates.
SV: Spokesman for Patriotic Front seated facing newsmen.
CU: Spokesman answering reporters' question.
CU: Tanzanian President, Julius Nyerere speaking.
GV EXTERIOR: Rhodesian parliament building. (2 shots)
CU: Former Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith speaking to BBC reporter Michael Cole.
TRANSCRIPT: THATCHER: "We mean now at home to move swiftly towards our immediate objective of working with all the parties to draw up an independent constitution. As you remember, Mr President, at one of our dinners you gave a little incident which finished up with God had better move quick. Well I don't know about God, but the British Prime Minister will move quick. We do really want to move quickly for the most important goal of all -- an end to hostilities.
SPOKESMAN: "We are negotiating with the British Government. When we get to sit down to discuss matters of interest to the people of Zimbabwe, traitors among the people of Zimbabwe, traitors dedicate to the destruction of the nation of Zimbabwe: There's no place, how can they have place?"
NYERERE: "If there was a failure it was not because of the Patriotic Front, it was because of Smith and one has to act what happens. What if the Patriotic Front says `no' to a democratic constitution and free elections. But if Smith says no, that is the question that has to be asked -- not the other way round."
SMITH:"These kind of things traditionally are involved with a lot of euphoria and emotion and in consequence a lot of hot air comes out of them. I would think anyone with any sense will wait until we can actually what it means."
COLE:"Is there going to be a new election, Mr Smith?"
SMITH:"We will wait and see what it actually means."
REPORTER: MICHAEL COLE
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: A new threat to the peace plan for Zimbabwe-Rhodesia emerged on Tuesday (7 August) as Commonwealth leaders ended their summit conference in Lusaka. The biggest guerrilla army fighting the Zimbabwe-Rhodesia Government -- the patriotic Front -- set tough preconditions for its acceptance of the new peace plan. In particular, it insists that nationalist guerrillas must form the new army of Zimbabwe.
SYNOPSIS: The week-long Commonwealth Summit ended a day earlier than scheduled because of the surprising speed at which the peace plan was agreed. The proposals call on Britain to draw up a new constitution for Zimbabwe-Rhodesia, to organise all party talks and to supervise fresh elections. For British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, the summit has so far proved a personal triumph. And it surprised those who expected a major confrontation between her and black African leaders.
In her final address to the thirty-eight other Commonwealth leaders, Mrs Thatcher promised swift action towards implementing the plan.
A spokesman for Patriotic Front leader Robert Mugabe commented on the Commonwealth peace plan.
Tanzanian President, Julius Nyerere, also commented to newsmen.
In Zimbabwe Rhodesia there was cautious reaction to the Commonwealth package. Former Prime Minister, Ian Smith, spoke to Michael Cole: