The test of the progress made by the Brandt government and Eastern European nations to reach a mutual cordiality in their relations will come on Sunday (July 26) in Moscow when negotiations begin between the Soviet Union and West Germany on a non-aggression pact.
The test of the progress made by the Brandt government and Eastern European nations to reach a mutual cordiality in their relations will come on Sunday (July 26) in Moscow when negotiations begin between the Soviet Union and West Germany on a non-aggression pact. It has been reported that boundaries of European countries. The West German Foreign Minister, Herr Scheel has visited several Western capitals, including London and Washington, to explain the terms of the proposed pact and to seek Western support for the non-aggression treaty.
Relationship between West Germany and the Soviet Union -- since World War Two, often strained and sometimes near breaking point -- have taken on a new air of cordiality in the past year following the election of Herr Willy Brandt as Chancellor of the Federal German Republic. Herr Brandt has in the few months since he took office pursued a policy of improving relations between his country and West Germany's eastern neighbours.
The first major note of cordiality between West Germany and the east by Chancellor Brandt's government was sounded early in January when it was announced that the West German government was willing to negotiate, a non-aggression pact with East Germany. At the same time tentative diplomatic approaches had been made to Poland with a view to opening a dialogue between West Germany and Poland -- among the most openly hostile anti-German nations in Eastern Europe.
In March, Herr Georg Duckwitz led a West German delegation to Warsaw where the two delegations held in-camera discussions for more than two and a half hours. The West Germans several days later, allowed a concession to the Poles on the issue of the much-disputed Oder-Neisse line, saying the Bonn government would in future recognise the border, to the east of which lies nearly a quarter of pre-war German territory.
On March 19 there was sudden thaw in the previously cold relations between East and West Germany. Willy Brandt travelled over the border into the German Democratic Republic for a meeting with the East German premier, Herr Willi Stoph. It was the first, summit of East and West German leaders. In May it was the turn of Herr Stoph to visit West Germany -- he conferred with Herr Brandt at Kassel, and although the meeting produced no immediate progress on points laid down by each side the atmosphere between the parties remained cordial.
Despite the improvement in the dialogue between the Federal Republic and the East, Chancellor Brandt saw no immediate prospect of an American withdrawal from Western Europe. However, he indicated in a television interview in the United States that Europe should prepare for such an eventuality with the possibility of changing circumstances. For the present though, an American presence was necessary.
The future of Berlin, one of the major obstacles in the way of closer harmony between the West and the Soviet Bloc, remains unresolved, but there has been a softening in the attitude of East German authorities in allowing access through the Eastern Zone.