The World Swimming Championships ended in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, on Sunday night (9 September) with the United States team in the overall lead.
The World Swimming Championships ended in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, on Sunday night (9 September) with the United States team in the overall lead. However, there was a determined challenge from the East Germans, especially in the women's events. The East German girls won 10 gold medals to the Americans' three. In the men's events, the Americans had it more their own way. They ended with eight golds. The East Germans had two.
The highest individual points score went to the 14-year-old East German girl, Kornelia Ender, who ended the six-day championships with a gold and a new world record of 57.54 seconds in the 100 metres freestyle. On Saturday, she set a new world time of 57.61 seconds in the first leg of the freestyle relay. Those performances, coupled with a gold in the 100 metres butterfly and a silver in the 200 metres medley gave Kornelia a total of 15 points.
American star John Montgomery added to his reputation with a win in the 100 metres freestyle, in the time of 51.70 seconds. Montgomery held a slight lead throughout and finished just ahead of Michael Rousseau, of France, with Australian veteran Michael Wenden in third place.
Italy's Novella Calligaris was one of four swimmers to share second position in the individual points tally. She won the final women's event on the programme--the 800 metres freestyle in the world record time of 8 minutes 52.97 seconds. That was seven tenths of a second better than the old time. When 19-year-old Novella, who won three medals at the Munich Olympics, finished the race, the last to finish still had 50 metres to swim. Jo Harshbarger, from the United States, was second.