The streets of the South Korean capital, Seoul, are currently the scene of almost daily parades and anti-communist demonstrations, following warnings by President Park Chung-he that North korea is about to launch an attack.
LV & SV Military parade (4 shots)
TGV & LV Street scenes (2 shots)
CU People walking through streets
CU South Korean flag
CU INTERIOR PAN FROM President Park TO Ministers seated
GV Traffic trough streets past statue
CU ZOOM OUT Statue
TRANSCRIPT: JOYCE: "Thousand of South Korea's student militia march through Seoul, the capital, to demonstrate what the government describes as their fierce ant-communist spirit. There are military parades and anti-communist demonstrations almost every day obvious visual evidence that the country on a war-footing. According to President Park Chung-hee, the North is poised for another attack across the Thirty-Eight Parallel. The President issued the very same warnings in 1970 and 1972. In 1975 the South korean people are once again being told that national defence and internal security are the overriding priorities. In the face of a threat to national survival, President Park believes that western-style democracy is divisive and would be exploited by the North . In May this year, the President introduced Emergency Measure Number Nine a decree which denies all rights of assembly, political activity and freedom of speech. President Park Chung-hee is probably the only Asian leader to be significantly strengthened by the communist advances in Indochina. Abroad,he's won new re-assurances from President Ford that South Korea is under America's nuclear umbrella. At home, dissident and political opposition are suppressed in the name on national unity.
This film is serviced with commentary by A.B.C. reporter Tony Joyce.
REPORTER: TONY JOYCE
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The streets of the South Korean capital, Seoul, are currently the scene of almost daily parades and anti-communist demonstrations, following warnings by President Park Chung-he that North korea is about to launch an attack.
Fear of another attack by the North has become almost permanent feature of South korean life. President Park has bee warning of the daggers of another korean war for many years.
Apprehension reached new heights earlier this year with the successful communist advance in other parts of south-east Asia. President Park sought and was given fresh re-assurances by President Gerald Ford that south korea remained firmly wishing the United States' "nuclear umbrella".
In addition, the U.S.A. has pledged that its 40,000 troops now stationed in the country will remain, even if the United Nations decides to remove its peace-keeping force and change the terms of the 1953 armistice with the North. The United State has always been the main force within the U.N. peacekeeping command south of the 38th parallel the border established between the North and south under the 1953 peace agreement.
The North has come out strongly in recent months in favour of moves for reunification. It has been supported by a number of Third World countries, including China but talks on the issue between the governments of Seoul and Pyongyang the North korean capital have broken down or failed to take place with almost predictable regularity. One of the main sticking-points is that North korea refuses to recognise the South as a legitimate signatory of the 1953 armistice.
Following the discovery of an alleged North Korean tunnel beneath the Demilitarised Zone last year, South korean military defences have been sharply stepped up. During a visit by former U.S. Defence Secretary James Schlesinger in August, President Park Proposed a 3,000 million dollar (1430 million pound sterling) arms deal with the U.S.A., covering tanks, submarines, aircraft and other weapons. President Ford has meanwhile asked the U.S.Congress for additional aid for South Korea. Large forces of militia have been formed from within the country's student body groups which President Park claims are among the country's most ardent anti-communists.
To reinforce the military expansion, the President introduced in May this year Emergency Measure Number Nine, a decree which denies all rights of assembly, all political activity and critics as one of the most repressive in the world.
South Korea's most vocal opposition leader, Mr. Kim Dae Jung warned recently that continued political suppression could lead to "a second Vietnam".
At the United Nations last month, South korea stated that it did not oppose outright changes in the status of the U.N. peacekeeping command in armistice terms, but emphasised that it would refuse to accept any alternations it felt might lead to a deterioration in security.