A general election will be held in Rhodesia next Wednesday (August 31st). It was called?
SV Newspaper posters and headlines. (2 shots)
MV People buying and reading newspapers.
CU Smith talking on television.
SV Smith meeting supporters. (2 shots)
CU RAP poster ZOOM OUT TO speaker on platform.
MV Sutton-Pryce on platform and audience. (3 shots)
SCU Barlow interviewed.
GV & MV Allan Savory leaving aircraft with family.
SV Ahrn Palley buys newspaper.
CU Ahrn Palley interviewed.
SV Sithole carried shoulder high into stadium.
GV Crowds chanting and Sithole dancing. (3 shots)
SV Muzorewa interviewed on leaving London hotel.
GV EXTERIOR United Nations headquarters. (2 shots)
SCU Nkomo making statement.
SMITH: "There is today a greater need than ever before in our history for Rhodesians to unite in order to give us the necessary strength and dedication to go into what, I predict, will be the final lap of our settlement marathon."
REPORTER: "Mr. Barlow, why do you think the Prime Minister is calling the election?
BARLOW: "Well, I think the main reason for calling it is to try and eliminate the white opposition that has grown up against him in the last few weeks."
REPORTER: "How long have you been in favour of majority rule?"
PALLEY: "Oh, since the early '60s. I can remember when I moved in Parliament that the principle be accepted. I was the only one in favour."
REPORTER: "Can you tell us, are you here to negotiate or demand?"
MUZOREWA: "To demand."
REPORTER: "To demand what?"
MUZOREWA: "To demand that the voice of the majority of Zimbabwe should be heard, and that the British government must respect the democratic principle, which is that the people of Zimbabwe have got a demand that they want to elect their own leadership in their own government, and that they should set up facilities to do that."
NKOMO: "We are Zimbabweans, who have got to live there. Not the British, not the Americans. No plan, in our view, can be drawn up without us, and nobody in this world has a right to draw up a plan for us."
Initials VS 16.50
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: A general election will be held in Rhodesia next Wednesday (August 31st). It was called by the Prime Minister, Mr. Ian Smith, in the hope of strengthening his position at home in face of all the diplomatic activity now going on towards a settlement of Rhodesia's future.
SYNOPSIS: Mr. Smith called the election five weeks ago, after he had lost his command of a two-thirds majority in the Rhodesian Parliament. This happened when 12 of hi supporters resigned from his Rhodesian Front, and formed a new party.
Mr. Smith needs to win back at least six of the 12 seats he lost to the defectors. Then he would feel he had the necessary backing to accept or reject the Anglo-American plan for Rhodesia's future -- or make a separate "internal settlement" with the moderate black leaders.
His main fight is with the new Rhodesia Action Party, campaigning for a more determined attack on nationalist guerrillas. Mr. Ted Sutton-Pryce, a former Minister in Mr. Smith's government, is one of its leaders; another is Dr. Colin Barlow.
White politicians committed to the immediate introduction of black majority rule have virtually no prospects in the election. Mr. Allan Savory heads a group called the National Unifying Force, which is contesting only 18 of the 50 seats open to whites.
An Independent, Mr. Ahrn Palley, might be a lone voice in Parliament if he wins Central Salisbury.
The Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole is one of the African leaders with whom Mr. Smith might try to negotiate after the election. Though they have 16 reserved seats, most blacks regard the election as a white affair. Mr. Sithole, and the other moderate black leader, Bishop Abel Muzorewa, both insist on "one man, one vote."
Another voice still to be reckoned with is that of the militant Patriotic Front, which commands the nationalist guerrillas. Its spokesman is Mr. Joshua Nkomo: