BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
A report on the thousands of people who disappeared during civil strife in Argentina in the 1970s has met with strong criticism.
BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
FILE JANUARY 31, 1983
1. GVs Mothers demonstrating in Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires. (2 SHOTS) 0.10
2. GV Police presence in streets. 0.14
3. GV & SV Chanting mothers with banners. (2 SHOTS) 0.22
FILE OCTOBER 26, 1982
4. AERIAL VIEW Unmarked graves. 0.28
5. GV Relatives looking at graves. (2 SHOTS) 0.39
BBC APRIL 29, 1983
6. GVs & CUs Mothers protesting over disappeared children. (5 SHOTS) 1.05
7. SV Federal Police Chief General Juan Sasiain. 1.11
8. GVs Demonstrators surging forward to taunt General Sasiain. (3 SHOTS) 1.39
9. GV & SV Mothers watching official programme on the disappeared. (2 SHOTS) 1.52
10. CU Leader of the Mothers of the Disappeared, mrs Hebe Bonafini. 1.59
11. SCU PULL BACK TO SV Mothers after programme speaking. 2.03
12. CU Mrs Renee Epelbaum (phonetic) mother of three disappeared children speaking to reporters. (SOT) 2.47
TRANSCRIPT: EPELBAUM: (SEQ 12)"It's very sad for us to see that the government, the military junta doesn't give a total answer to our claim that is the truth."
REPORTER:"The government claims these people died in a war. Was it a war?"
EPELBAUM:"Of course not. You see in every war wounded people, the number of wounded people is much more than missing people, and here in this war there's not one people wounded."
REPORTER:"The government has asked you to forgive and forget. Do you think the mothers can do that?"
EPELBAUM:"No, never. That is not possible.
NOTE TO EDITORS: THIS STORY HAS COMMENTARY BY BBC REPORTER JOHN ARDEN, WHICH MAY BE USED IF REQUIRED.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
A report on the thousands of people who disappeared during civil strife in Argentina in the 1970s has met with strong criticism. Politicians, church and human rights activists object to the report published by the military junta on April 28 which states that those who disappeared should be considered dead. The junta implied that many of the disappeared were using false documents which hampered identification and said they died in a war. They denied they were holding prisoners secretly. Up to 30,000 people are believed to have disappeared in the ruthless armed forces campaign to destroy guerrilla opposition. According to one human rights group 80 per cent of them were kidnapped in front of witnesses. The mothers of the disappeared have regularly gathered int he Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires to demand information about their sons and daughters.
Wearing the white headscarves which have become their trademark, the mothers hold up photographs of missing relatives and chant slogans calling for justice. Last year a mass grave containing more than 400 unidentified bodies was discovered outside Buenos Aires. Following the broadcast of the report, on the sixth anniversary of their protest, the mothers found a scapegoat for their feelings in Federal Police Chief General Juan Sasiain who they pursued to his car. The leader of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo Mrs Hebe Bonafini who lost three children in the army campaign said the report did not contain a single piece of information about the disappeared. Another mother, Mrs Renee Epelbaum (phonetic)
said her three children had not died in a war and felt that none of the others would be able to forgive and forget what had happened.
Source: REUTERS LIBRARY AND BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION