Israel and Egypt should follow the lead of the American and Chinese in starting direct negotiations to solve their differences.
GV EXT. ZOOM IN Dorchester Hotel, London
CU INT. ZOOM IN Eban interviewed (SOUND ON FILM)
QUESTION: "Mr. Eban, Mrs. Meri is the first Israeli Premier even to visit a communist country. Would this indicate heat, should the possibility arise, Israel would find Rumania suitable as a new mediator in the Middle East conflict?"
EBAN: "The essence of the question is not mediation it's not that there's a lack of instrumentalities or frameworks within which the parties can hold a dialogues. The basic problem is that Egypt does not want a dialogue with us. That is our diagnosis. Because if they wanted a dialogue with us,m they could have it through the Untied States on the opening of the Suez Canal. They could have it in a discussion under Dr. Jarring's auspices on an overall settlement, without making the acceptance of their position obligatory in advance. Dr they could use the good offices of a friendly government. I think we should stop thinking about the instruments and begin to think about the object itself. If Egypt wants to talk to Israel, there are several ways of doing it, including a revolutionary idea that I'd like to propose, which is that they talk to us directly. After all, in the last year the Untied States spoke to the People's Republic of China, who they'd boycotted for years; the Federal Republic of Germany held discussions with the East German Republic,. The Arab refusal to talk to Israel directly is therefore unique in the international climate of our times."
QUESTION: "Well only over the last few days, President Sadat has been making speeches in Cairo and Alexandria, in which he has categorically says that he undertakes to put an end to what he describes as Israel's 23-year arrogance. Now in view of what you've just said, how can you react to what President Sadat has been saying over the last few days?"
EBAN: "It's very difficult to know what weight to give to this rhetoric. We shouldn't underestimate its importance. It does create a climate. It is, of course, the talk of a rather weak and frightened and insecure man. But the experience of our generation teacher us not to take warlike oratory lightly. It commits the orator to his public. It inflames passions. We saw this in 1967. Of course, we were not afraid of his threats -- we find them absurd -- but these speeches are certainly an obstacle to peace. If he wanted peace then we would see, at the beginning, the cooling off of propaganda. How is he going to go into a peace conference week or two after saying that his object is not peace, but the humiliation of Israel in accordance with the precepts of the prophet Mohammed, as well as these other belligerent statements?"
Initials OS/006 OS/015
Film of Mrs. Meir's visit to Rumania has been serviced in our Production No.5532/72 - RUMANIA: Israel's Prime Minister Golda Meir arrives in Bucharest for four days of talks.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Israel and Egypt should follow the lead of the American and Chinese in starting direct negotiations to solve their differences. This proposal was made today (Thursday) by Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban. He was interviewed during a private visit to London by Visnews reporter Roy Rainbird.
Mr. Eban's trip coincided with the visit of Mrs. Golda Meri to Rumania -- the firs trip by an Israeli Premier t a communist country. So the firs question to Mr. Eban was whether Rumania could bring a new peace initiative to the Middle East confrontation: