INTRODUCTION: In Portugal, the Communist Party leader, Alvaro Cunhal has defended his party's close alignment with Moscow.
SV Marchers with communists party banner
SV Family walking, man carrying communist party flag
GV Man puts coins into flag used as receiving blanket
GV Marchers with 60th anniversary banner
GV Children running along and into stadium (2 shots)
GV PULL BACK TO LV Crowd inside Campo Pequeno bullring PAN AROUND ring (2 shots)
SV Gifts being handed to party secretary General Alvaro Cunhal
SV Model building and model a plough, which Cunhal holds overhead
GV Crowd holding up Juventude Sauda PULL BACK TO SHOW rest of sign PAN AROUND bullring ZOOM IN TO SV communist flag above tunnel entrance
SV Cunhal addressing audience in Portuguese ZOOM INTO CU
SCU Cunhal continues speaking PULL BACK TO LV
GV PULL BACK TO GV Crowd waving and chanting
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Background: INTRODUCTION: In Portugal, the Communist Party leader, Alvaro Cunhal has defended his party's close alignment with Moscow. He told a rally commemorating the 60th anniversary of the portuguese Communists Party on Saturday (7 March) that Marxism could never be separated from Leninism -- a central pillar of Soviet communism.
SYNOPSIS: The communist party in Portugal was founded a little over three years after the October Revolution in Moscow. It is described as the most Stalinist party in Europe.
The Soviet Union has been renegotiating its relations with Portugal. Last January, Moscow offered to increase oil supplies to Portugal, and to consider balancing these with greater imports of Portuguese goods. The previous Portuguese government, led by the late Dr. Francisco Sa Carneiro, had frozen relations with the Kremlin, and, last August, expelled four Soviet diplomats from Lisbon. Seven months later, thousands flocked to the venue for the anniversary rally -- the Campo Pequeno bullring.
A stream of people presented gifts to Senhor Cunhal. This year, the grey-haired politician celebrates a half century of party membership and 20 years as party general secretary in Portugal.
Legalised in 1974, the party sets down its aims as the defence and consolidation of the changes and revolutionary achievements made over the past seven years. Its ultimate goal is to build a socialist society in Portugal.
Senhor Cunhal told the crowd their communist party had chosen to align itself closely to the Soviet Union voluntarily, and without any influence from Moscow. The party stance, he said, did not mean that the national communists party was looking against Portugal's interests. He called the communist party patriotic because workers' interests were also national interests.
In this, his first major speech since returning from the communist congress in Moscow, Senhor Cunhal repeated his party's rejection of Eurocommunism. He praised the 'old guard' who have run the Portuguese party for more than 30 years. Heading that guard is Senhor Cunhal, who is now 67.