The world's Islamic leaders ended their 38-nation summit conference at Lahore, Pakistan's capital, on Sunday (24 February) with a demand for Israel to evacuate all occupied Arab territory and with a tentative plan to aid the economies of the developing nations hit by high world oil prices.
GV Bhutto in centre and delegates (2 shots)
SV Gaddafi seated
MV Sheikh Mujib seated
STV Delegates seated
SV President Boumedienne
SV Bhutto seated
MV Delegates from Guinea-Bissau
MV Gambian delegate
STV Arafat and Bhutto embracing
STV Mujib applauding
GV Delegates applaud
GTV Delegates leave conference hall
GV Crowds at public meeting
MV Bhutto and Gaddafi onto rostrum
SV Bhutto PAN TO Gaddafi
SV Gaddafi and Bhuto holding hands
SV Libyan flag
SV Gaddafi and Bhutto hold silver replica of stadium as crowd applauds (2 shots)
SV & BV Gaddafi speaking (3 shots)
LV PAN Crowd TO Gaddafi
Initials BB/0240 DN/DW/BB/0310
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The world's Islamic leaders ended their 38-nation summit conference at Lahore, Pakistan's capital, on Sunday (24 February) with a demand for Israel to evacuate all occupied Arab territory and with a tentative plan to aid the economies of the developing nations hit by high world oil prices.
The six-page summit declaration, issued at the end of the three-day conference, was particularly bitter on Israel's occupation of Jerusalem. It said any measures taken by Israel to alter the character or nature of the Holy City would be a "flagrant violation of international law" and "repugnant" to the Islamic world.
The first moves in the Islamic plan to aid the developing countries would be an eight-nation meeting of experts held within a month. According to the declaration. It would study the trade problems of the developing countries, their exploitation by the developed countries and ways of mitigating the recent oil price increases.
The meeting would also seek ways to regulate trade agreements on raw materials and to ensure the sovereignty and full control of the developing countries over their natural resources.
However the declaration made no mention of the "substantial aid" for the third world countries proposed in the draft declaration put before the final session of the conference.
This, and other proposals for the concessional oil prices, appeared to have been watered down since it was originally suggested the concessions should be granted to the third world and also to industrialised sates sympathetic to the Arab cause.
The joint declaration, aimed at emphasising to the Western powers the new-found strength and independence of the Islamic nations, was the culmination of the largest meeting of Islamic leaders ever assembled.
It was called by President Ali Bhutto of Pakistan to try and forge a common islamic front on the Middle East.
One of its more spectacular results was the announcement during the summit by Mr. Bhutto that Pakistan was recognising its former enemy Bangladesh. Immediately after the exchange of recognition Bangladesh's leader, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, flew to Lahore to attend the summit.
The summit also brought recognition for the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, Yasser Arafat, who was accorded the status of sole representative of the Palestinian people.
Immediately after the conference ended the revolutionary Libyan leader, Colonel Gaddafi, began a three-day state visit to Pakistan.