• Short Summary

    SIX HUNDRED MILES INLAND FROM RIO DE JANEIRO IS BRASILIA, THE ULTRA MODERN CAPITAL OF BRAZIL.

  • Description

    SIX HUNDRED MILES INLAND FROM RIO DE JANEIRO IS BRASILIA, THE ULTRA MODERN CAPITAL OF BRAZIL. THE NEW CITY IS THE FULFILMENT OF A LONG-HELD BRAZILIAN DREAM WHICH, HOWEVER, HAS DRAINED THE COUNTRY'S TREASURY.

    NEARLY THREE YEARS AGO BRAZIL'S SEAT OF GOVERNMENT WAS FORMALLY MOVED TO BRASILIA. TODAY, THE NEWS FROM THE NATION'S CAPITAL IS OF UNEMPLOYMENT, HOUSING SHORTAGES AND MOVEMENT BACK TO THE COASTAL TOWNS.

    BRASILIA WAS THE FAVOURITE PROJECT OF PRESIDENT KUBITSCHEK, AND DURING HIS TERM OF OFFICE, THOUSANDS OF MILLIONS OF CRUZEIROS WERE POURED IN TO THE SCHEME. KUBITSCHEK'S PLAN WAS TO START A VAST PIONEERING MOVEMENT AWAY FROM BRAZIL'S HUMID, OVER-CROWDED COASTAL CITIES TO THE EMPTY CENTRAL PLATEAU.

    IN JANUARY 1961 SR. QUADROS REPLACED THE FREE-SPENDING PRESIDENT KUBITSCHEK, INTENDING TO HALT THE FLOW OF MONEY INTO THE BRASILIA PROJECT. IMMEDIATELY IT BECAME APPARENT THAT THE NEW PRESIDENT DID NOT INTEND CONTINUING BUILDING IN THE NEW CAPITAL AT THE SAME RATE AS HIS PREDECESSOR, WORKERS BEGAN TO LEAVE.

    THE 180,000 INHABITANTS WAITED IMPATIENTLY WHEN SR. QUADROS HIMSELF WAS REPLACED. BUT THE GOVERNMENT'S PURSE-STRINGS REMAINED TIED SO THAT IN 1961 SPENDING WAS ONLY A TENTH OF THAT OF THE PREVIOUS YEAR.

    DURING THE PAST YEAR, THE ONLY SIGN OF BUILDING ACTIVITY WAS ON THE MUNICIPAL PALACE, THE ACCOUNTS TRIBUNAL AND THE THEATRE. THE EFFICIENT FUNCTIONING OF BRASILIA AS THE COUNTRY'S CAPITAL DEPENDS ON THE TRANSFER OF THE GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES FROM RIO DE JANEIRO. BUT THEY CANNOT BE MOVED UNTIL THERE IS SUFFICIENT HOUSING, AND WITH THE COUNTRY IN FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES, THIS MAY TAKE MANY YEARS.

    IN SPITE OF WORKERS AND SHOPKEEPERS LEAVING THE NEW CITY IN A STREAM, THE GOVERNMENT HAS SHOWN NO SIGN OF ABANDONING THE CAPITAL. INDEED, EVEN THE MOST CRITICAL VISITOR TO BRASILIA CANNOT LEAVE WITHOUT BEING IMPRESSED BY THE STANDARD OF THE MANY BUILDINGS, HOUSES AS WELL AS OFFICES, WHICH HAVE BEEN COMPLETED IN A FEW HURRIED YEARS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA5KKYQ4UDHF8S0F8NVNNG2JX0W
    Media URN:
    VLVA5KKYQ4UDHF8S0F8NVNNG2JX0W
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    28/01/1963
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:35:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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