• Short Summary

    THE SOMALI REPUBLIC CAME INTO BEING IN JULY 1960 AS A RESULT OF THE MERGER OF THE BRITISH SOMALILAND PROTECTORATE AND THE ITALIAN TRUSTEESHIP TERRITORY OF SOMALIA.

  • Description

    THE SOMALI REPUBLIC CAME INTO BEING IN JULY 1960 AS A RESULT OF THE MERGER OF THE BRITISH SOMALILAND PROTECTORATE AND THE ITALIAN TRUSTEESHIP TERRITORY OF SOMALIA.

    THE REPUBLIC'S CONSTITUTION WAS FIRST ESTABLISHED IN THE ITALIAN AREA, THEN PROVISIONALLY ADOPTED BY BOTH REGIONS, AND AFTER A NATIONAL REFERENDUM WAS FINALLY APPROVED IN 1961. IT IS BASED ON THE CLASSICAL SEPARATION OF POWERS: A PRESIDENCY, A SINGLE CHAMBER ELECTED BY UNIVERSAL ADULT SUFFRAGE, AND AN INDEPENDENT JUDICIARY. THE EXECUTIVE CONSISTS OF THE PRIME MINISTER AND UP TO ELEVEN OTHER MINISTERS.

    THE POPULATION BETWEEN 2 AND 3 MILLION IS ALMOST ENTIRELY MOSLEM. THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE IS SOMALI, BUT ARABIC, ITALIAN AND ENGLISH ARE ALL OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF GOVERNMENT. THE ARMY IS ROUGHLY 5,000 STRONG WITH THE POLICE TOTALLING AROUND 4,000.

    THE FIVE YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN (1963-67) CALLS FOR INTENSIVE INVESTMENT IN TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS (29 PER CENT) AGRICULTURE (18 PER CENT) AND INDUSTRY (16 PER CENT). THE PLAN IS TO BE FINANCED WITH FOREIGN AID WHICH HAS BEEN PROMISED FROM THE U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.A.R., THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY, ITALY, GERMANY AND CZECHOSLOVAKIA.

    SOMALIA IS ESSENTIALLY A PASTORAL COUNTRY AND ABOUT 80 PER CENT OF THE POPULATION DEPEND. ON LIVESTOCK REARING.

    SINCE INDEPENDENCE THE COUNTRY HAS BEEN INVOLVED IN BORDER DISPUTES WITH ETHIOPIA AND KENYA.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA5KJYZACV2LRU812QY2V2Z2LZ0
    Media URN:
    VLVA5KJYZACV2LRU812QY2V2Z2LZ0
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    11/10/1963
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:05:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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