Chad's nine warring factions signed an agreement in the Nigerian capital of Lagos on Tuesday (21 August) to form a Government of National Union.
Chad's nine warring factions signed an agreement in the Nigerian capital of Lagos on Tuesday (21 August) to form a Government of National Union. The Leader of the Chad Liberation Front (Frolinat) Goukoni Oueddei will be president. The agreement ends a long-standing feud which erupted into full scale civil war last February. Tens of thousands of people are believed to have died during the fighting.
SYNOPSIS: The Lagos meeting was the fourth in a series of talks in Nigeria to try and find a lasting solution to the feud. Since the February war Chad has been virtually partitioned along religious lines with the Moslems in the north and the Christians in the south. Many people have been displaced and the country faces a severe food shortage.
Chad is one of the world's poorest countries. With its enormous desert, widespread banditry, and civil war, many people find it hard to survive. But peace could give the country a chance to concentrate on development. In Lagos the factions agreed to a ceasefire and to keep their forces sixty miles (100 kilometres) apart. A peace-keeping force made up of troops from the Congo, Benin and Guinea is to be formed, and French troops are expected to be withdrawn. But it remains to be seen whether tribal and religious differences can be solved peacefully after more than twelve years of fighting.