Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie greeted heads of state arriving at Addis Ababa on Tuesday (Sept 1) for a four-day summit conference of the Organisation of African Unity (O.
Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie greeted heads of state arriving at Addis Ababa on Tuesday (Sept 1) for a four-day summit conference of the Organisation of African Unity (O.A.O.)
U.N. Secretary-General U Thant was welcomed by Ethiopian Foreign Economic Commission for Africa, and Prince Sadruddin, U.N. High Commissioner for refugees. He came to address the opening session of the conference before flying on the Kenya on Wednesday.
The Prime Minister of Lesotho, Chief Leabua Jonathan, and his delegation were welcomed by the Emperor. Lesotho is completely surrounded by South Africa, and the country has been in a state of emergency since January when the 56-year-old Prime Minister declared the country's elections null and void.
Apart from the official welcome he received, Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere was greeted by fellow-countrymen carrying the national flag. The 48-year old President led his country to independence in 1961 and became head of state a year later. For the past nine years, he has been teaching Tanzania's 13 million people the value of self-reliance by grouping them into socialist villages called "ujamaa". President Nyerere is known as "Mwalimu" or teacher to his people because of his efforts to explain the benefits of ujamaa (co-operation).
Major-General Yakubu Gowon 35, is one of the newer African leaders. As Nigeria's head of state he has had to deal with a bitter civil war which lasted 30 months. At the opening session of the conference later on Tuesday. Emperor Haile Selassie announced that Nigeria had agreed to a reconciliation with the four African countries that recognised the rebel regime of Biafra during the Nigerian civil war. The four countries involved in the reconciliation were Tanzania, Zambia, Ivory Coast and Gabon.
The head of the Sudanese Revolutionary Council, General Jafar El-Nimeiry, arrived on the same aircraft as Major-General Gowon. In addition to the formal honours, he was welcomed by Sudanese officials and their wives.
Thirteen heads of state, four Prime Ministers and three Vice-Presidents are in the Ethiopian capital for the seventh annual summit of the O.A.U. Most other countries were represented by Government Ministers. Mauritius was the only O.A.U. member not represented at the opening session of the conference.