The leader of the Polish communist party, Wladyslaw Gomulka today (Sunday) resigned his post. An?
The leader of the Polish communist party, Wladyslaw Gomulka today (Sunday) resigned his post. An official communique said he was suffering from a circulatory ailment affecting his vision. The communique said Mr. Gomulka would have to undergo prolonged hospital treatment.
Mr. Gomulka's resignation follows a week of disturbances in several Polish cities along one Baltic Coast. He had led the Polish communist party organisation for 14 years. He had been succeeded by Edward Gierek, aged 57 who has promised to study the nation's economic policies.
Mr. Gomulka, post-war leader of the Polish communist party, suffered under the Stalinist purge. He returned to power in 1956 when the Polish communist party adopted a new liberalised policy. He withstood Russian pressure, maintained a Polish national outlook and persuaded the Russians to withdraw units that had been stationed in the country since the end of the war.
However, in later years, Mr. Gomulka followed a very pro-Russian line. He and the Soviet premier, Mr. Khruschov, had frequent meetings, and forged between them one of the strongest Russo/Polish links in centuries.
In 1965 Mr. Gomulka led his country in the signing of a new twenty-year treaty of friendship and mutual aid with the Soviet Union. Mr. Brezhnev signed on behalf of the Soviet Union. He also signed a similar treaty with East Germany.
His greatest opponent was the Roman Catholic Church which objected to the influence the state was attempting to bring on church affairs. His arguments against the church were often public and heate???
This year saw a break through in relations between Poland and West Germany with the signing of a non-aggression pact. For the first time since World War Two Poland and West Germany resumed normal relations.
The disturbances of last week in the Polish Baltic cities resulted in the deaths of at least 20 people, and were initiated by sudden and sharp rises in food prices and discontent among industrial workers in the port cities. The new party secretary, as well as promising a review of the situation, has undertaken to study the possibility of industrial workers receiving pay increases.