INTRODUCTION: It is five years since the military junta deposed the tottering civilian government of Mari Estela Peron in Argentina.
SV TRACKING SHOT Junta members arriving for ceremonies: Air Force Brigadier General Omar Graffigna (left), Admiral Armando Lambrusquini (centre) and Army Chief General Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri.
SV & CU Spectator filming and new President General Roberto Viola (left) talking with Admiral Eduardo Emilio Massera on dais. (2 SHOTS)
CU Finance Minister Jose Martinez de Hoz
SV & CU Outgoing President Jorge Rafael Videla on dais. (2 SHOTS)
CU PULL BACK TO SV & LV Guard in traditional costume singing as military leaders salute. (2 SHOTS)
GV INTERIOR TILT DOWN Window of church Stella Maria with leaders gathered inside.
CU Videla in pew.
CU General Galtieri.
CU General Graffigna.
CU Admiral Lambrusquini seated
LV Three military chiefs standing during service.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: It is five years since the military junta deposed the tottering civilian government of Mari Estela Peron in Argentina. To mark the fifth anniversary of the coup, top members of the ruling junta attended a special ceremony and church service in Buenos Aires on Tuesday (24 March).
SYNOPSIS: The occasion was a chance for the public to see the three military leaders who head the junta. General Omar Graffigna, on the left Admiral Armando Lambrusquini, in the centre and Army Chief General Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri.
Retired General Roberto Viola (left) takes over for a three-year term as President on Sunday (29 March). He has the stated aim of establishing a stable democracy. The new administration guarantees the military another three years in power. It has given little indication of how the rule will be transferred to civilians nor when representative institutions will function again.
Despite reducing inflation from 740 percent in 1976 to 82 percent today, Finance Minister Jose Martinez de Hoz is leaving office along with outgoing President General Jorge Rafael Videla. He was appointed head of state three years ago.
The new leader has indicated the sincerity of military intentions by naming a new cabinet with a majority of civilians for the first time since the coup.
But as the generals filed into church, they faced enormous domestic political problems. Parties are demanding the restoration of political freedom after five years of authoritarian rule. Workers want union independence and the right to strike.
The military junta was responsible for selecting the new President last October, with the new government part of the transition towards democratic rule in Argentina.